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Agricultural Journal
Year: 2011 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 54-59
DOI: 10.3923/aj.2011.54.59  
Ethanol from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch via Dilute-Acid Hydrolysis and Fermentation by Mucor indicus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Ria Millati , Rachma Wikandari , Elisabeth Titik Trihandayani , Muhammad Nur Cahyanto , Mohammad J. Taherzadeh and Claes Niklasson
 
Abstract: Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (OPEFB) was hydrolyzed in a one-stage hydrolysis using dilute-sulfuric acid (0.2, 0.8%) at 170-230°C with a holding time of 5 and 15 min. The maximum yield of xylose was 135.94 g kg-1 OPEFB, obtained at 0.8% acid, 190°C and 5 min. The maximum yield of glucose was 62.70 g kg-1 OPEFB, obtained at 0.8% acid, 210°C and 5 min. Based on these results, two-stage hydrolysis was performed to produce hydrolyzates for the fermentation process. Hydrolyzate from the first stage was fermented by Mucor indicus while the hydrolyzate from the second stage was fermented by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The corresponding ethanol yields were 0.45 and 0.46 g ethanol g-1 sugar consumed.
 
How to cite this article:
Ria Millati, Rachma Wikandari, Elisabeth Titik Trihandayani, Muhammad Nur Cahyanto, Mohammad J. Taherzadeh and Claes Niklasson, 2011. Ethanol from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch via Dilute-Acid Hydrolysis and Fermentation by Mucor indicus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Agricultural Journal, 6: 54-59.
DOI: 10.3923/aj.2011.54.59
URL: http://medwelljournals.com/abstract/?doi=aj.2011.54.59