Abstract: An investigation was carried out in October 2004 to November 2005 on the profitability of turkey production in the Zaria area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. A survey of 50 turkey producers spread over 2 local government areas in the state (Sabon-gari LGA and Giwa LGA) were made. Structured questionnaires were employed to elicit information from the respondents. Statistical analysis was accomplished by means of descriptive statistics, cost and profitability analyses. Findings of the study indicated that turkey production was carried out mainly by adult males. Although most of the respondents had formal education, they are mostly not so experienced in turkey production. Turkey production in Kaduna state was generally a part-time occupation as respondents are engaged in other primary occupations. Diseases of turkeys reported by respondents were mainly ectoparasites and fowl pox. Cost analysis showed that feed cost accounted for as much as 36.5% of total cost of production while fixed inputs and variable inputs accounted for 34% and 66% of the total cost of production respectively. Turkey production in the study area was found to be profitable with a profitability index of 0.35, a rate of return on fixed asset of 258% and return on variable cost of 182%. Turkey production constraints include unavailability and high cost of poults, high cost of feeds, low hatchability rate, low reproductive potential, diseases/morbidity and mortality among others. The need and means of improving turkey production were highlighted.
M.K. Ajala , B.I. Nwagu , A.A. Sekoni and A.O.K. Adesehinwa , 2007. The Profitability of Turkey Production in Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Information Technology, 6: 27-33.