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Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
Year: 2011 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 14 | Page No.: 1845-1849
DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2011.1845.1849  
Helminths of Sheep and Goats in Central Oromia (Ethiopia) During the Dry Season
Bersissa Kumsa , Tigist Tadesse , Teshale Sori , Reta Duguma and Bedru Hussen
 
Abstract: A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and identity of parasites of sheep and goats in and around Bishoftu during the dry season from November 2007 to April 2008. For this purpose, a total of 222 faecal samples were collected from small ruminants (157 sheep and 65 goats), all kept under an extensive management system. Flotation, sedimentation and coprocultures were employed to identify helminths. Out of the total, 222 faecal samples examined 81.5% (181) were found to harbor one or more genera of parasites. About 70.2% (156) of the examined small ruminants were positive for helminths while 46.4% (103) of them were positive for Eimeria oocysts. The results of the study showed that 81% (128) of the sheep and 83% (54) of the goats were found to harbor one or more genera of parasites. Overall, 11 genera of helminths were identified in sheep whereas, 8 helminth genera were identified in goats. On coproculture of positive samples, the genera of helminths in decreasing order of prevalence in sheep were Trichostrongylus/Teladorsagia, Haemonchus, Oesophagostomum, Strongyloides and Bunostomum sp. Likewise in goats, the prevalence of genera of helminths in decreasing order was Trichostrongylus/Teladorsagia, Haemonchus, Oesophagostomum, Bunostomum and Strongyloides sp., Trichostrongylus/Teladorsagia, Haemonchus and Oesophagostomum were identified as the most prevalent genera of nematodes in both hosts. In the study area where nutrition is generally poor during the dry season poor productivity in small ruminants is likely to be aggravated by a high prevalence of polyparasitism.
 
How to cite this article:
Bersissa Kumsa, Tigist Tadesse, Teshale Sori, Reta Duguma and Bedru Hussen, 2011. Helminths of Sheep and Goats in Central Oromia (Ethiopia) During the Dry Season. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 10: 1845-1849.
DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2011.1845.1849
URL: http://medwelljournals.com/abstract/?doi=javaa.2011.1845.1849