Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Year: 2018
Volume: 13
Issue: 6
Page No. 1552 - 1560

Comparative Effects Between Green Tea and Black Tea Polyphenols in Suppressing Adverse Effects of TNF-α Induced Inflammation in Osteoblasts

Authors : Husna Zulkipli, Gabriele Ruth Anisah Froemming and Aletza Mohd Ismail

Abstract: The aim of the study was to compare the osteoprotective Effects of Green Tea (GTE) and Black Tea (BTE) Extracts on Normal Human Osteoblast (NHOst) cells in non-inflammatory and inflammatory conditions. NHOst cells were treated with GTE and BTE 5, 10, 50 and 100 μg/mL for 2, 5 and 10 days. The experiments were performed in the absence and presence of Tumour Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α) to emulate non-inflammatory and inflammatory conditions, respectively. All concentrations of GTE and BTE exhibited = 80% cell proliferation at all-time points. In the absence of TNF-α, 5 μg/mL of GTE and BTE significantly up-regulated Osteo Prote Gerin (OPG) level compared to control and 100 μg/mL of the extracts reduced Receptor Activator of Nuclear factor Kappa B Ligand (RANKL) level on day 5 and 10. In inflammation, 5 and 50 μg/mL BTE significantly elevated OPG level while with GTE only 5 μg/mL gave a similar effect. Higher concentrations 50 and 100 μg/mL of both extracts significantly suppressed RANKL expression. The 100 μg/mL GTE and all BTE concentrations tested except 100 μg/mL significantly increased Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) activity by day 5 in non-inflammatory condition. About 5 μg/mL GTE increased the ALP activity in inflammatory condition. Likewise, BTE was also found to reverse the TNF-α effect by elevating the ALP activity. GTE and BTE increased formation of mineralized nodules in both conditions at each time points. BTE and GTE exert protective effects on osteoblast activities including reverting the TNF-α-induced adverse effects and these effects are more pronounced in BTE treatment.

How to cite this article:

Husna Zulkipli, Gabriele Ruth Anisah Froemming and Aletza Mohd Ismail, 2018. Comparative Effects Between Green Tea and Black Tea Polyphenols in Suppressing Adverse Effects of TNF-α Induced Inflammation in Osteoblasts. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13: 1552-1560.

Design and power by Medwell Web Development Team. © Medwell Publishing 2021 All Rights Reserved