Abstract: Fire stations strive to suppress fires and save lives by arriving at fire points as quickly as possible after receiving a report of fire in order to reduce human casualty and property damage. The time required to arrive at a fireground depends on the road conditions and distance. The fire point detection time, however can be reduced through efficient arrangement and training of firefighting personnel. A number of studies have been conducted on the methods for the fast arrival of fire brigades to a fire point. However, there have not been a sufficient number of studies on reducing the time required in fire point detection and fire suppression. Therefore, in this study, a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for firefighters was developed targeting residential fires and the time required in each task was standardized through fireground field experiments. In addition, the fire suppression time and effect were measured and analyzed by temperature and the number of fire nozzles used. Through the experiment and analysis, empirical formulas to predict the time required in firefighting activities were derived.
Lim Jung Won, Kim Seung and Lee Su Kyung, 2018. A Study on Prediction of Time Required in Firefighting Activities Through Fireground Field Experiments. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13: 2685-2692.