Research Journal of Biological Sciences

Year: 2007
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Page No. 408 - 412

Oral Candidiasis and Oral Hyperplastic Candidiasis: Clinical Presentation

Authors : G.A. Scardina , G. Fuca , A. Ruggieri , F. Carini , A. Cacioppo , V. Valenza and P. Messina

Abstract: Oral candidiasis is an opportunistic infection of the oral cavity. It is common and underdiagnosed among the elderly, particularly in those who wear dentures and in many cases is avoidable with a good mouth care regimen. It can also be a mark of systemic disease, such as diabetes mellitus and is a common problem among the immunocompromised. Oral candidiasis is caused by an overgrowth or infection of the oral cavity by a yeast-like fungus, candida.The important ones are C albicans, C tropicalis, C glabrata , C pseudotropicalis, C guillierimondii, C krusei, C lusitaniae, C parapsilosis and C stellatoidea. C albicans, C glabrata and C tropicalis represent more than 80% of isolates from clinical infection. Oral candidiasis is the most common human fungal infection especially in early and later life. The incidence varies depending on age and certain predisposing factors. There are three broad groupings consisting of acute candidiasis, chronic candidiasis and angular cheilitis. Chronic hyperplastic candidosis/candidiasis (CHC; syn. candidal leukoplakia) is a variant of oral candidosis that typically presents as a white patch on the commissures of the oral mucosa. Risk factors include impaired salivary gland function, drugs, dentures, high carbohydrate diet, smoking, diabetes mellitus, Cushing`s syndrome, malignancies and immunosuppressive conditions. The aim of the research is to describe the clinical manifestations of the disease.

How to cite this article:

G.A. Scardina , G. Fuca , A. Ruggieri , F. Carini , A. Cacioppo , V. Valenza and P. Messina , 2007. Oral Candidiasis and Oral Hyperplastic Candidiasis: Clinical Presentation . Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 2: 408-412.

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