Abstract: Dietary patterns have shifted toward Westernized foods and people are becoming more sedentary resulting diabetes mellitus is a chronic disorder associated with derangements in carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism. About 30 diabetic subjects from Banasthali University, Rajasthan were selected aged between 40-60 years (17 females and 13 males) to understanding the pattern of dietary intake and anthropometric dimensions of the middle aged diabetic subjects. Diabetic, dietary and other informations was collected using a questionnaire. Dietary intake was assessed using the 24 h dietary recall method. Anthropometric measurements including weight and height were taken and Body Mass Index (BMI) and MUAC were computed to establish the extent of obesity. The findings from the dietary survey showed that the mean energy intake of the subjects achieved about 83.4 and 111.6% of the Indian Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) while fat intake of all subjects was more than RDA and other nutrient intake was inadequate. The mean BMI of females and males were 25.35±4.54 and 27.34±4.57 kg m-2 and mean MUAC were 26.52±2.47 and 34.48±4.54 cm, respectively. Family history of diabetes was found in 24 subjects. The most common symptoms were polyuria (3.44±1.82), polydypsia (5.68±5.21), polyphagia (3.34±0.90), decreased healing capacity (4.95±4.01) and general weakness (4.19±4.75) in terms of mean duration in months. Accordingly, nutritional status of diabetics is linked with various factors like educational level, physical activity, dietary pattern, etc.
Gita Bisla, Shailza Choudhary and Vijeta Chaudhary, 2014. Dietary Pattern and Anthropometric Dimensions of Middle Aged (40-60 Years) Type II Diabetes Subjects: Study Their Nutritional Status. Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 9: 52-56.