Search in Medwell
 
 
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
Year: 2009 | Volume: 8 | Issue: 8 | Page No.: 1660-1665
Effects of Enzyme Suplementation in Diets on Growth and Feed Utilization in Angel Fish, Pterophyllum scalare
Fatime Erdogan and Murtaza Olmez
 
References
AOAC, 1995. Official Methods of Analysis, of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 16th Edn., Vol. 1, AOAC International, Arlington, VA, USA.

Cavero, B.A.S., 2004. Prospective uses of exogenous digestive enzymes in fish nutrition. http://www-heb.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/congress/2004/Culture/30CaveroProspective.doc.

Cho, C.Y., S.T. Slinger and H.S. Bayley, 1982. Bioenergetics of salmonid fishes: Energy intake, expenditure and productivity. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Part A: Physiol., 73: 25-41.
CrossRef  |  

De Silva, S.S. and T.A. Anderson, 1995. Fish Nutrition in Aquaculture. Chapman and Hall, London, UK., ISBN-13: 9780412550300, Pages: 319.

Debnath, D., A.K. Pal, N.P. Sahu, K.K. Jain, S. Yengkokpam and S.C. Mukherjee, 2005. Effect of dietary microbial phytase supplementation on growth and nutrient digestibility of Pangasius pangasius (Hamilton) fingerlings. Aquac. Res., 36: 180-187.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Degani, G., 1993. Growth and body composition of juveniles of (Pterophyllum scalare) (Lichtenstein) (Pisces: Cichlidae) at different densities and diets. Aquac. Fish. Manage., 24: 725-730.

Drew, M.D., V.J. Racz, R. Gauthier and D.L. Thiessen, 2005. Effect of adding protease to coextruded flax: Pea or canola: Pea products on nutrient digestibility and growth performance of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 119: 117-128.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Farukawa, A. and H. Tsukahara, 1966. On the acid digestion method for the determination of chromic oxide as an index substance in the study of digestibility of fish feed. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish., 32: 502-506.

Folch, J., M. Lees and G.H. Sloane-Stanley, 1957. Simple methods for isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. J. Biol. Chem., 226: 497-509.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Hardy, R.W., 2000. New development in aquatic feed ingredients and potential of enzyme supplements. Proceedings of International Simposium de Nutricion Merida, Yucatan, Mexico.

Jackson, L.S., M.H. Li and E.H. Robinson, 1996. Use of microbial phytase in channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus diets to improve utilization of phytate phosphorus. World Aquacult. Soc., 27: 309-313.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Kocher, A., M. Choct, M.D. Porter and J. Broz, 2000. The effects of enzyme addition to broiler diets containing high concentrations of canola or sunflower meal. Poult. Sci., 70: 1767-1774.
Direct Link  |  

Kolkovski, S., A. Tandler, G. Wm and G.W. Kissil, 1993. The effect of dieatary exogenous enymes on ingestion, asimilation, growth and survival of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata, Sparidae, Linnaeus) larvae. Fish Physiol. Biochem., 12: 203-209.
Direct Link  |  

Lin, S., K. Mai and B. Tan, 2007. Effects of exogenous enzyme supplementation in diets on growth and feed utilization in tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus x O. aureus. Aquacult. Res., 38: 1645-1653.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

NRC, 1993. Nutrient Requirements of Fish on Animal Nutrition Board on Agriculture. National Academy Press, Washington, DC., USA., pp: 114.

Papatryphon, E. and J.H. Jr. Soares, 2001. The eject of phytase on apparent digestibility of 4 practical plant feedstuff fed to striped bass, Morone saxatilis. Aquac. Nutr., 7: 161-167.

Sales, J. and G. Janssens, 2003. Nutrient requirement of ornamental fish. Aquat. Liv. Resour., 16: 533-540.
Direct Link  |  

Storebakken, T., K.D. Shearer and A.J. Roem, 1998. Availability of protein, phosphorus and other elements in fish meal, soy-protein concentrate and phytase-treated soy-protein-concentrate-based diets to Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Aquaculture, 161: 365-379.
Direct Link  |  

Tamaru, C.S. and H. Ako, 2000. Using commercial feeds for the culture of freshwater ornamental fishes in Hawaii. Tech. Paper, 34: 109-120.
Direct Link  |  

Webster, C.D., L.G. Tiu, J.H. Tidwell and J.M. Grizzle, 1997. Growth and body composition of channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) fed diets contain in various percentages of canola meal. Aquaculture, 150: 103-112.
CrossRef  |  

Yan, W., R.C. Reigh and Z. Xu, 2002. Effects of fungal phytase on utilization of dietary protein and minerals and dephosphorylation of phytic acid in the alimentary tract of channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) fed an all plant protein diet. J. World Aquac. Soc., 33: 10-22.
Direct Link  |  

Zhong, G.F. and H.Q. Zhou, 2005. The ejects of xylanase and multi-enzyme PS on the production performance, digestibility and the nutrient ingredients of muscles of Oreochromis niloticus. J. Zhejiang Ocean Univ. Nat. Sci., 24: 324-329.
Direct Link  |