Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
378 - 384
AOAC., 1984. Official Methods of Analysis. 14th Edn., The William Byrd Press, Richmond, VA., USA.
Abdulrahim, S.M., 1999. Effect of Lactobacillus acidophilus
and zinc bacitracin as dietary additives for broiler chickens. Br. Poult. Sci., 40: 91-94.CrossRef |
Alcicek, A., M. Bozkurt and M. Cabuk, 2004. The effect of a mixture of herbal essential oils, an organic acid or a probiotic on broiler performance. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci., 34: 217-222.Direct Link |
Ammerman, E., C. Quarles and P.V. Twining, 1989. Evaluation of fructooligosaccharides on performance and carcass yield of male broilers. Poult. Sci., 68: 167-167.
Bengmark, S. and S. Bengmark, 2001. Pre-pro-and synbiotics. Curr. Opin. Clin. Nutr. Metab. Care, 4: 571-579.PubMed |
Bozkurt, M., K. Kucukyılmaz, A.U. Catli and M. Cinar, 2005. Growth performance and carcass yield of broiler chickens given antibiotic, mannan oligosaccharide and dextran oligosaccharide supplemented diets. Proceedings of the 21st Annual Symposium on Nutritional Biotechnology in the Feed and Food Industries, May 22-25, 2005, Lexington, Kentucky, USA., pp: 69-69.
Cavit, A., 2004. Effect of dietary probiotic supplementation on growth performance in the rock partridge (Alectoris graeca
). Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci., 28: 887-891.Direct Link |
Collins, M.D. and G.R. Gibson, 1999. Probiotics, prebiotics and symbiotics: Approaches for modulating the microbial ecology of the gut. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 69: 1052S-1057S.Direct Link |
Denli, M., F. Okan and K. Celik, 2003. Effect of dietary probiotic, organic acid and antibiotic supplementation to diets on broiler performance and carcass yield. Pak. J. Nutr., 2: 89-91.CrossRef | Direct Link |
Duncan, D.B., 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 11: 1-42.CrossRef | Direct Link |
Ferket, P.R., 2004. Alternatives to antibiotics in poultry production: Responses, practical experience and recommendations. Proceedings of Alltech's 20th Annual Symposium on Nutritional Biotechnology in the Feed and Food Industries, May 22-26, 2004, Nottingham, UK., pp: 56-67.
Fuller, R., 1989. Probiotics in man and animals. J. Applied Bacteriol., 66: 365-378.CrossRef | PubMed | Direct Link |
Gibson, G.R. and M.B. Roberfroid, 1995. Dietary modulation of the human colonic microbiota: Introducing the concept of prebiotics. J. Nutr., 125: 1401-1412.PubMed | Direct Link |
Gill, C., 2001. Safe and sustainable feed ingredients. Feed Int., 22: 40-45.Direct Link |
Gunal, M., G. Yayli, O. Kaya, N. Karahan and O. Sulak, 2006. The effects of antibiotic growth promoter, probiotic or organic acid supplementation on performance, intestinal microflora and tissue of broiler. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 5: 149-155.CrossRef | Direct Link |
Hertrampf, J.W., 2001. Alternative antibacterial performance promoters. Poult. Int., 40: 50-52.Direct Link |
Hofacre, C.L., T. Beacorn, S. Collet and G. Mathis, 2003. Using competitive exclusion, mannan-oligosaccharide and other intestinal products to control necrotic enteritis. J. Applied Poult. Res., 12: 60-64.CrossRef | Direct Link |
Hooge, D.M., M.D. Sims, A.E. Sefton, A. Connoly and P.S. Spring, 2003. Effect of dietary mannan oligosaccharide, with or without bacitracin or virginiamycin on live performance of broiler chickens at relatively high stocking density on new litter. J. Applied Poult. Res., 12: 461-467.Direct Link |
Ignacio, E.D., 1995. Evaluation of the effect of yeast culture on the growth performance of broiler chick. Poult. Sci., 74: 196-196.
Jin, L.Z., Y.W. Ho, N. Abdullah and S. Jalaludin, 1997. Probiotics in poultry: Modes of action. World's Poult. Sci. J., 53: 351-368.CrossRef | Direct Link |
Jin, L.Z., Y.W. Ho, N. Abdullah and S. Jalaludin, 1998. Growth performance, intestinal microbial populations and serum cholesterol of broilers fed diets containing Lactobacillus
cultures. Poult. Sci., 77: 1259-1265.CrossRef | PubMed | Direct Link |
Kabir, S.M.L., M.B. Rahman, M.M. Rahman and S.U. Ahmed, 2004. The dynamics of-probiotics on growth performance and immune response in broilers. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 3: 361-364.Direct Link |
Kermanshahi, H. and H. Rostami, 2006. Influence of supplemental dried whey on broiler performance and cecal flora. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 5: 538-543.CrossRef | Direct Link |
Kocher, A., 2005. AGP alternatives-part IV. Poultry production without AGPs-Challenges and solutions. World Poult., 21: 32-33.
Linge, P., 2005. The use of probiotics and yeast derivates in India. World Poult., 21: 12-15.Direct Link |
Mellor, S., 2000. Nutraceuticals-alternatives to antibiotics. World Poult., 16: 30-33.
NRC., 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th Edn., National Academy Press, Washington, DC., USA., ISBN-13: 9780309048927, Pages: 155.
Nayebpor, M., P. Farhomand and A. Hashemi, 2007. Effects of different levels of direct fed microbial (Primalac
) on growth performance and humoral immune response in broiler chickens. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 6: 1308-1313.Direct Link |
Panda, A.K., M.R. Reddy and N.K. Praharaj, 2001. Dietary supplementation of probiotic on growth, serum cholesterol and gut microflora of broilers. Indian. J. Anim. Sci., 71: 488-490.
Plail, R., 2006. The innovative power of probiotics. Poult. Int., 45: 34-36.
SAS, 1998. SAS/STAT User's Guide. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.
Shane, S., 2005. Antibiotic alternatives in turkey production. World Poult., 19: 14-15.
Vanbelle, M., E. Teller and M. Focant, 1990. Probiotics in animal nutrition: A review. Arch. Anim. Nutr., 40: 543-567.CrossRef | PubMed | Direct Link |
Visek, W.J., 1978. The mode of growth promotion by antibiotics. J. Anim. Sci., 46: 1447-1469.Direct Link |
Waldroup, P.W., C.A. Fritts and F. Yan, 2003. Utilization of Bio-Mos®
mannan oligosaccharide and Bioplex®
copper in broiler diets. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 2: 44-52.CrossRef | Direct Link |
Wenk, C., 2000. Recent advances in animal feed additives such as metabolic modifiers, antimicrobial agents, probiotics, enzymes and highly available minerals. Rev. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 13: 86-95.
Willis, W.L., O.S. Isikhuemhen and S.A. Ibrahim, 2007. Performance assessment of broiler chickens given mushroom extract alone or in combination with probiotics. Poult. Sci., 86: 1856-1860.CrossRef | Direct Link |
Yalcinkayal, H., T. Gungori, M. Bafialani and E. Erdem, 2008. Mannan oligosaccharides (MOS) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae
in broilers: Effects on performance and blood biochemistry. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci., 32: 43-48.Direct Link |
Yeo, J. and K.I. Kim, 1997. Effect of feeding diets containing an antibiotic, a probiotic, or yucca extract on growth and intestinal urease activity in broiler chicks. Poult. Sci., 76: 381-385.CrossRef | PubMed | Direct Link |
Zulkifli, I., N. Abdullah, N.M. Azrin and Y.W. Ho, 2000. Growth performance and immune response of two commercial broiler strains fed diets containing Lactobacillus
cultures and oxytetracycline under heat stress conditions. Br. Poult. Sci., 41: 593-597.CrossRef | Direct Link |