Abstract: This research is concerned with the adoption of a collective stance in which the human species is viewed as a single organism recursively partitioned in space and time into sub-organisms that are similar to the whole. These parts include societies, organizations, groups, individuals, roles and neurological functions. The concept of expertise arise because organism adapts as a whole through adaptation of its interacting parts. The mechanism is one of positive feedback from parts of the organism allocating resources for action to other parts on the basis of those latter parts past performance of similar activities. The knowledge-level phenomena of expertise, such as meaning and its representation in language and overt knowledge, arise as byproducts of the communication, coordination and modeling processes associated with the basic exchange-theoretic behavioral model. The model is linked to existing analyses of human action and knowledge in biology, psychology, sociology and philosophy.
B. Venkata Raju and S.P. Rajagopalan , 2006. Expert System Model to Analyze the Role of Information Technology in Supporting Activities in the Life. Asian Journal of Information Technology, 5: 1154-1157.