International Business Management

Year: 2020
Volume: 14
Issue: 9
Page No. 319 - 327

Sustainable Management for Natural Heritage in Egypt Case Study: Wadi Al-Hitan Protectorate as a Tourist Site

Authors : Amira Hassan Abdou and Sameh Ahmed Refaat

Abstract: Wadi Al-Hitan is the most important site in the world to demonstrate one of the iconic changes that make up the record of life on Earth: the evolution of the whales. It portrays vividly their form and mode of life during their transition from land animals to a marine existence. It exceeds the values of other comparable sites in terms of the number, concentration and quality of its fossils and their accessibility and setting in an attractive and protected landscape. Wadi Al-Hitan is the only Egyptian heritage site that is natural rather than cultural; this site that was designated in (2002) provides vital fossil evidence that paints the full picture of how whales evolved from land-based mammals to beasts of the oceans. An effective sustainable management system is in place for the property as an integrated part of the implementation of the Management Plan for the WRPA (Washington Recreation and Park Association). Under the updated Management Plan (2008-2013) the property is identified as a “World Heritage Zone”. No vehicle access is permitted whilst zones provide for well-controlled eco-tourism in part of the property whilst maintaining areas for research and studies. The buffer zone is also managed as a part of the World Heritage Zone within the WRPA. Effective and well-designed visitor facilities are provided to present the property, guide visitors to key localities via footpaths, prevent vehicular traffic in the property and provide for limited on-site accommodation. Maintenance of an effective and well-resourced management plan, supported by adequate staff, finance and resources is an essential long term requirement. Amongst the key management issues are the protection, conservation and encouragement of well-managed research in relation to the fossil remains and the associated geological values to international standards of best practice. Other important long-term management needs are the continued protection of the property from damage by traffic of vehicles, the provision and maintenance of the essential management infrastructure within the property that minimizes intrusion and damage to its natural values and the provision of facilities for sustainable tourism at appropriate levels of visitation. The main problem of this unique place is lacking of the marketing efforts and to be put in the tourism programs, so, this study will focus on the important role of the sustainable management towards the heritage sites in Egypt and will highlight on Wadi Al-Hitan protectorate.

How to cite this article:

Amira Hassan Abdou and Sameh Ahmed Refaat, 2020. Sustainable Management for Natural Heritage in Egypt Case Study: Wadi Al-Hitan Protectorate as a Tourist Site. International Business Management, 14: 319-327.

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