Abstract: This is first report isolation of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) subtype (H5N1) from natural outbreaks in Sudan in 2006. From 2003 to 2005,1000 samples(organs, tracheal and cloacl swabs) were collected from different locations in Sudan, Central (AlGazeera and Khartoum), Westeran( Nyala) and Eastern Sudan (Kassala and AlGadarif) all samples were negative by Virus Isolation (VI) in egg embryo. In early 2006 an outbreak of HPAI was occurred in AlGazeera and Khartoum samples were tested by VI in department of virology the result is positive for type A Avian Influenza (AI), allantoic fluids were sent to) OIE, FAO and National Reference Laboratory for Newcastle Disease andAvian Influenza, Padua, Italy for advance confirmation Isolates were analyses using RT-PCR, VI and Sequencing positive to subtype H5N1.
Wegdan H. Ali and M.A.S. Kheir , 2007. Isolation of Highly Pathogenicavian Influenza Virus (H5N1) from Poultry in Sudan in 2006. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 6: 61-63.