Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances

Year: 2009
Volume: 8
Issue: 11
Page No. 2100 - 2105

Effect of Protein Sources of Isonitrogenous Whole Crop Barley Silage Based Diets on Performance and Blood Metabolites of Early Lactating Holstein Cows

Authors : R. Jafari Jafarpoor, M. Danesh Mesgaran, A.R. Heravi Moussavi, S. Danesh Mesgaran and F. Tabatabai

Abstract: The effect of the source of crude protein in isonitrogenuse diets on early lactating cow responses was investigated. Three isonitrogenuse diets (crude protein: 16.7%) with similar rumen degradable protein, but with different source of protein (Fish Meal (FM) + Canola Meal (CM) as 42.8 + 82.4 g kg-1 DM (FM/CM) or Soybean Meal (SM) + Cotton Seed Meal (CSM) as 48.8 + 91 g kg-1 DM (SM/CSM1) or 84 + 42.8 g kg-1 DM (SM/CSM2)) were provided. The diets were fed to 24 early lactating Holstein cows (8 animals per each treatment), 10±3 days in milk and 37.34 kg day-1 milk yield, for 7 weeks, using a completely randomized design with repeat measures of data in time. Daily Dry Matter Intake (DMI), milk yield and milk composition were recorded. Blood glucose and Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) were measured in weeks 3 and 6 of the experiment and some blood metabolites and enzymes including insulin, Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase (SGOT) and Serum Glutamic Pyrovic Transeaminase (SGPT) were measured at the last week of the experiment. There was no significant effect on DMI (FM/CM = 20.32, SM/CSM1 = 21.04 and SM/CSM2 = 20.82, SEM = 0.59 kg day-1) (p>0.05). However, the effect of time was significant (linear and quadratic) (p<0.0001). Milk yield was similar among treatments. Milk composition (percentage and yield) was similar for all treatments, although time effect on milk protein and fat percentage was significant (linear and quadratic) (p<0.05). Plasma concentration of insulin was similar in cows fed the experimental diets (FM/CM = 9.16, SM/CSM1 = 7.90 and SM/CSM2 = 12.41, SEM = 1.34 micro U mL-1). Blood urea nitrogen concentration was not differed among treatments (p>0.05). Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase was significantly affected by the dietary protein sources (FM/CM = 74.62, SM/CSM1 = 91.12 and SM/CSM2 = 83.50 mg dL-1, SEM = 6.36) (p<0.05), in 4 h after the morning feeding. It was concluded that protein sources with similar rumen degradability might not causing significant impact on performance and some blood metabolites in early lactating Holstein cows.

How to cite this article:

R. Jafari Jafarpoor, M. Danesh Mesgaran, A.R. Heravi Moussavi, S. Danesh Mesgaran and F. Tabatabai, 2009. Effect of Protein Sources of Isonitrogenous Whole Crop Barley Silage Based Diets on Performance and Blood Metabolites of Early Lactating Holstein Cows. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 8: 2100-2105.

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