Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances

Year: 2012
Volume: 11
Issue: 17
Page No. 3081 - 3093

Potential for Conversion of Agrosilvopastoral Systems of Dairy Cattle to the Organic Production Model in South Eastern Mexico

Authors : J. Nahed-Toral, B. Sanchez-Munoz, Y. Mena, J. Ruiz-Rojas, R. Aguilar-Jimenez, J. Ma. Castel, F. de Asis Ruiz, M. Orantes-Zebadua, A. Manzur-Cruz, J. Cruz-Lopez and C. Delgadillo-Puga

Abstract: In the municipality of Tecpatan, Chiapas, in Southeastern Mexico, traditional agrosilvopastoral systems of dairy production have great potential for conversion to the organic production model. The objective of this study was to characterize silvopastoral systems and evaluate the potential of converting traditional agrosilvopastoral systems to the organic model. Researchers studied 75 cattle farms belonging to three Rural Production Societies (RPS; rural cooperatives): RPS Grijalva (RPS-G: n = 35), RPS Pomarroza (RPS-P: n = 22) and RPS Malpaso (RPS-M: n = 18). For this, researchers used as a guide the multi-criteria methodology of the Organic Livestock Proximity Index (OLPI) proposed by Mena adapting it to suit the purposes. In the current study, researchers designed a new OLPI with 35 variables which integrate 10 indicators. Information was obtained through direct observation and a questionnaire applied to producers. Statistical analysis of the results of 10 indicators used did not show significant differences among rural production societies. The same was true for the organic conversion index (p>0.05: RPS-G = 62.5%; RPS-M = 63.4% and RPS-P = 64.6%). The data suggest that all cattle farms need to substantially improve veterinary care, safety of milking, quality of milk and dairy products, ecological management and sustainable grassland management. In general, producers of the three rural production societies should be trained in a variety of organic cattle production and management techniques so that cattle farms may achieve a closer approximation to the organic model of production and thus may be certified.

How to cite this article:

J. Nahed-Toral, B. Sanchez-Munoz, Y. Mena, J. Ruiz-Rojas, R. Aguilar-Jimenez, J. Ma. Castel, F. de Asis Ruiz, M. Orantes-Zebadua, A. Manzur-Cruz, J. Cruz-Lopez and C. Delgadillo-Puga, 2012. Potential for Conversion of Agrosilvopastoral Systems of Dairy Cattle to the Organic Production Model in South Eastern Mexico. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 11: 3081-3093.

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