Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Year: 2017
Volume: 12
Issue: 12
Page No. 3198 - 3205

Abstract: The study considers genesis of capitalism and bases for globalization from new perspective. The purpose of the research is to analyze enclosures development process as the factor of the simultaneous genesis of capitalismin England and globalization. The researcher believe that globalization and world-system capitalism originated in England, following the peculiarities of British society development in the years since William the conqueror and even before him. In this connection, the researchers challenge the universal theory of progress, formulated by Goody as well as Wallerstein’s theory of world-system capitalism. As it is supposed by the researchers, capitalism genesis was caused not by Columbu’s discovery of America but by the Wars of the Roses in England when in their opinion, the crisis of feudalism in England was hastened however, the researchers believe that feudalism was never strong in England. In this regard, the age of discovery is considered by the researchers as anevent external to world-system capitalism genesis, contrary to the popular opinion of many researchers. The researchers consider the process of capitalism rise in Western Europe through the prism of confrontation between the peasant communities of landed aristocracy and process of destruction in land ownership rights hierarchy. Therefore, the researchers make a bold conclusion that the genesis of capitalism could not take place without the acceleration of these processes in England after the hundred year’s war. In this regard, the price revolution is determined by the authors as a process which distantly related to the formation of the capitalist economy. The researcher have obtained the following results: the genesis of capitalism in the conditions of the English territorial community was shown based on the works of British historians of the late 19th the early 20th centuries; the relation between the enclosures and the increasing interest of English society to improvements in the sphere of land tenure were demon strated; the social and political motivations of the certain groups of the English population to enclose their lands were highlighted. The study employs the methods of comparative analysis, historical concepts as well as synchronic, problem-chronological and chronological methods. The analysis of the processes in the history of England is based on secondary sources and historical documents referred to the studied ages. Many provisions of the study refer to the old debate dated by the second half of the soviet period. This debate applies to the reasons for capitalism genesis and the nature of its development in the early modern age. Today the debate is revived within the frame work of institutional analysis. The information contained in this study was discussed in the course of a number of scientific seminars and round-table conferences at the Russian academy of sciences and other organizations.

How to cite this article:

Grigoriy Germanovich Popov, Valentin Aleksandrovich Schegolevskiy, EkaterinaVladimirovna Trokhova and Yuliya Aleksandrovna Kaluzhskaya, 2017. Enclosures in England, Genesis of Capitalism and Globalization. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 12: 3198-3205.

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