Abstract: This study was designed to investigate the effects of the communication competence of and support from health care providers on the diabetes self-efficacy of Korean patients. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted. The 303 study participants were recruited from among all diabetes patients who were endocrinology outpatients of C university hospital. The data analysis included measurements of descriptive statistics, Pearsons correlation coefficients and multivariate analysis using SPSS 22.0. The three models extracted during the hierarchical regression analysis were tested to determine the predictors of diabetes self-efficacy. The findings showed positive associations among health care provider communication, support from health care providers and diabetes self-efficacy. In the first model, personal factors such as age and religion were significant and accounted for 2.4% of the variance whereas age, religion, admission experiences and diabetes education were the key factors in the second model, accounting for 6.9% of the variance. Finally, when personal factors, health care provider communication and support from health care providers were entered into the final model having a spouse (β = -0.123, p = 0.040) strong religious beliefs (β = 0.142, p = 0.018) and support from health care providers were all significant. This final model which included both personal factors and main variables, accounted for 15.6% of the variance. Support from health care providers was an important factor in diabetes self-efficacy. Therefore, health care providers should make efforts to more fully understand the factors influencing patients self-efficacy in diabetes management and provide support thereof.
Kawoun Seo, Keumok Park, Bohyun Kim and Youngshin Song, 2017. Factors Associated with Diabetes Self-Efficacy among Koreans. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 12: 5875-5879.