Abstract: Smart grid is a distributed automated network which uses two way communication and energy flow to consumers at minimum disturbance. The grid, refers to the electric grid, a network of substations, transmission lines, transformers and meters that deliver electricity from the power plant to our business and home. Power generation and distribution are the key aspects in the progress and development of our societies. The communication network and infrastructure are the main part of the smart grid. The smart grid reliability is one of the important features which depend on the data received from distribution side of the network. Different challenges are faced in the conversion of conventional grid to smart grid and still research is going on the different issues of smart grid such as secured communication, network enhancement and reliability. Home energy management depends on the utilization of the electricity on consumer side. The smart grids follow the renewable energy generation, latest sensing and communication technology, smart metering and power management. Wireless sensor networks and wireless communication technologies also play very important role in smart grid communication. WSN has been proved promising solution for energy efficient, reliable, seamless and low cost control and monitoring in smart grid. The research is study based on the study of smart grid, smart grid system and different communication technologies.
Niraj Kumar, Vishnu Mohan Mishra and Adesh Kumar, 2017. Smart Grid and Commutation Technologies. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 12: 5934-5938.