Abstract: This study studies the development of Lao animation production techniques from the beginning to the present day. It would appear that the world seems to be interested in investing in the entertainment industry, there is a huge demand and to supply it requires some responsive actions. In general, the media industry is always at the top of the list of the most profitable industries. The animation industry can be categorized as a part of the service sector in almost every country that has been hit by the waves of globalization. Therefore, different animation techniques are used to help boost information consumption. In contrast, Lao animation has grown only slowly because of limitations and constraints but it certainly exists, however, appropriate development assistance from the government is needed. Certainly, animation production techniques were only slowly adopted alongside other development areas. In terms of data collection, the related data was gathered using research tools that included, observation in-depth interview and focus groups that contained various types of informants. Moreover, in order to clarify the results, all techniques used in Lao animation will be identified and divided into eras. To be able to identify and explain the use of animation techniques, some theoretical concepts were utilized including; Globalization theory, diffusion theory and system theory. According to the gathered data, the results indicate that the development of Lao animation production techniques can be divided into three eras. In each era, the production technique was applied differently depending on the context and circumstances. Traditional and digital animation production techniques were used by Laotian artists to produce animation artworks. Furthermore, social and economic aspects were the variables that strongly affected the development of the production techniques due to the limitations of infrastructure and human resources, advanced animation techniques remain unavailable for many groups of artists, companies and organizations. Fortunately, the government has shown concern about the issues and plans to strengthen related aspects that will help facilitate the industry development in Lao PDR.
Pitipong Pimpiset, Pat Kotchapakdee and Nattapong Yamcharoen, 2018. Lao Animation: The Development of Production Techniques from the Beginning Until Now. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13: 6138-6145. Asian Journal of Information Technology, 18: 250-260.