Abstract: The research was conducted in 2015-2017 to study the theoretical basis and farm practices of high-yield beet cultivation in the natural conditions of the Republic of Bashkortostan. To achieve the goal, 4 field experiments were performed. The study of the yield and technological qualities of 7 cultivars and 4 hybrids of table beet (experiment 1) has shown that beetroot yield depends on the varietal differences in the crop. The analysis of the table beet yields showed that, the values varied within the limits of 32.4-57.7 ton/ha. Red cloud hybrid demonstrated the highest yield rates and best marketable quality in the experiment. The study of table beet yield capacity and technological qualities in relation to sowing time (experiment 2) has revealed that sowing time has an effect on yield, marketable values and quality of table beet. The data analysis indicates that the early-middle sowing period ensures the highest yields (35.3 ton/ha). The 3rd experiment demonstrated that different amounts of potassium resulted in beet yield values varying from 34.7-59.8 ton/ha. The 4th experiment on the morphological indices of table beet and the beet intact state has shown that roots of Bohemia and Bikores cultivars have the greatest in-soil depth (37 and 36%, respectively) and Renovacultivar has the smallest (23%). Dvusemyannaya (two seeded) TSKhA beet cultivar demonstrated the best intactness quality.
Bulat G. Akhiyarov, Rafael R. Ismagilov, Damir R. Islamgulov, Igor Yu. Kuznetsov, Luise M. Ahiyarova, Rishat R. Abdulvaleev, Rail R. Alimgafarov, Anton V. Pavlov, Azat V. Valitov and Vladislav S. Sergeev, 2018. Yield and Quality of Table Beet Depending on Cultivation Technology Elements. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13: 8752-8759.