Authors : Svetlana I. Konashova, Rida R. Sultanova, Alfat F. Khayretdinov, Kamil M. Gabdrakhimov, Vladimir F. Konovalov, Zagir Z. Rakhmatullin, Regina R. Isyanyulova, Elvira R. Nasyrova, Aydar F. Gubydullin and Svetlana I. Muftakhova
Abstract: Broad-leaved forests, being the dominant formation in the Pre Urals, occupy large areas and perform protective functions. Mixed, uneven-aged plantations including multi-species floristic composition are represented in the forests. Formation, growth and development of forest stands and other forest components occur under the exogenous and endogenous factors influence. As a result, the protective and environmental forests functions are reduced, the territory ecological balance is disturbed in a whole. The majority of broad-leaved forests are now represented by mature and over-mature stands where natural regenerative processes are violated forest communities are transformed and their composition is simplified. Oak and oak-lime forests are particularly intensively involved in this process. Whose area has been reduced by half in the last few decades. This problem is not fully covered by research in the region, especially, regarding the new formations forming in places where rapid changes of vegetation occur. In this regard, the aim of the research was to assess the main forest components, the species composition dynamics allowing to identify the features and structural transformations of broad-leaved forests associated with the regenerative dynamics disturbance forest stands aging at the formation stage.
Svetlana I. Konashova, Rida R. Sultanova, Alfat F. Khayretdinov, Kamil M. Gabdrakhimov, Vladimir F. Konovalov, Zagir Z. Rakhmatullin, Regina R. Isyanyulova, Elvira R. Nasyrova, Aydar F. Gubydullin and Svetlana I. Muftakhova, 2018. Forestry and Ecological Aspects of the Broad-Leaved Forest Formation. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13: 8789-8795.