Authors : Rahyunir Rauf, Yusri Munaf, Sharifah Zarina Syed Zakaria, Kadir Arifin and Muhammad Rizal Razman
Abstract: Discussions about local governance have always been very interesting to discuss and debate, especially with the increasingly critical and dynamic conditions of regional communities, requiring the government and local governments to always carry out innovations in the administration of regional governance. In essence, regional government in Indonesia is an integral part of the national government system because local government is a subsystem of the national government system, so that, elements of national government with elements of regional government constitute an inseparable unity, especially within the framework of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia. In the implementation of regional governance in Indonesia, there are three principles, namely, deconcentration, decentralization and co-administration. In this study, only discussed about deconcentration. Deconcentration is the delegation of authority from the government to government officials in the region and to vertical agencies. The development of the concept of deconcentration in Indonesia can be seen from 4 Laws on Regional Government in Indonesia, namely, Law No. 5 Year 1974, Law No. 22 Year 1999, Law No. 32 Year 2004 and Law No. 23 Year 2014. The regulation on deconcentration in the four laws is different from each other. This study uses library techniques in describing and explaining the development of deconcentration in Indonesia. In its implementation in Indonesia deconcentration is more dominant in Law No. 5 Year 1974 (the reign of the New Order) and the application of deconcentration is very small at the time of Law No. 22 of 1999 (post-reform). Whereas at the time of Law No. 32 of 2004 and Law No. 23 of 2014 the existence of deconcentration is very balanced with concentration.
Rahyunir Rauf, Yusri Munaf, Sharifah Zarina Syed Zakaria, Kadir Arifin and Muhammad Rizal Razman, 2019. Analysis of the Development on Deconcentration in Indonesia. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 14: 7179-7186.