Research Journal of Biological Sciences

Year: 2020
Volume: 15
Issue: 2
Page No. 40 - 52

Biological Activity of Banana (Musa sapeintum and Musa cavandish) Fruit Peel

Authors : A. Abd-Elsamad, Nadia M. Abdelmoein, Amal H. Mahmoud, Merit Rostom and Shaimaa M. Hassan

Abstract: The chemical composition of banana (Musa sapeintum and Musa cavandish) peel were studied. The proximate analysis was found to be 89.63 and 86.43 moisture and 12.48 and 7.65 crude protein and 3.86 and 14.05 total lipid and 18.5 and 12.26 ash, 14.61 and 16.36 crude fiber, 50.55 and 49.23 total available carbohydrate in peel of Musa sapientum and Musa cavandish., respectively. The ash contained (mg/100 g) 96.58 and 60.68 mg and 137.69 and 81.71 Na and 0.75 and 1.48 Zn and 3.80 and 2.11 Fe and 102.25 and 43.12 Ca and 3804.73 and 2882.12 K in peel, respectively, antimicrobial activity of Musa sapientum and Musa cavandish were found to be the methanolic extract more effective than all other extracts on bacteria and fungi. Oppositethat in anti-cancer activity of Musa sapientum and Musa cavandish were found to be the methanolic extract not effective compare with all other extracts on Hepatic cell cancer (HEP G2) and colonic cell cancer (HCT). The phenolic compound contents (mg/100 g) were determined of Musa sapeintum and Musa cavandish peel, methanolic extract The results show the presence of pyrogallol (31.98 and 63.98) catechein (21.55 and 16.33), gallic (58 and 3.22), vanillic (2.94 and 4.46) ellagic (5.57 and 1.48), protocatchoic (1.22 and 3.09) and catechein (21.55 and 16.32), e-vanilic (19.6 and 7.23) salycilic (25.53 and 1.13), respectively.

How to cite this article:

A. Abd-Elsamad, Nadia M. Abdelmoein, Amal H. Mahmoud, Merit Rostom and Shaimaa M. Hassan, 2020. Biological Activity of Banana (Musa sapeintum and Musa cavandish) Fruit Peel. Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 15: 40-52.

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