The Social Sciences

Year: 2006
Volume: 1
Issue: 2
Page No. 149 - 153

Trends and Patterns of Mortality in China, Japan and India: A Comparative Analysis

Authors : Mohammad Mainul Islam

Abstract: Mortality refers to death that occurs within a population. It is linked to many factors like, age, sex, race, occupation, social class etc. The incidence of death can reveal much about a populationís standard of living and health care. But this study explores the mortality trends and patterns of China, India and Japan through descriptive methods by comparing and analyzing the mortality indicators-Crude Death Rate(CDR), Infant Mortality Rate(IMR), Under 5 mortality rate and Life Expectancy at Birth over times of last 50 years. Here it can be stated that CDR is a good indicators to compare death rates between countries before making inferences about a countryís health, economic, or environmental condition. Infant Mortality rate is a good indicator of the health status of a population. Life expectancy at birth is also a good indicator of a current health condition. Life expectancies differ widely among countries. It can be noted that low life expectancies in developing countries are in large part of the result of high infant mortality rates. This study indicates that all mortality indictors used here do not explore the same features among the countries in all situations but also indicates the association between the indicators regarding mortality process whereby death occur in the population. In this respect the study indicates thatís the overall extent of mortality in Japan is low having highest life expectancy and lowest infant mortality and crude death rate; India is high having highest crude death rate and lowest life expectancy at birth and China is in between where increasing life expectancy at birth and decreasing death rates are dominant. This explores that Japan has the better health status following the CDR, IMR and Life Expectancy at Birth over times. India has a low life expectancy at birth that is large part of the result of high infant mortality rates.

How to cite this article:

Mohammad Mainul Islam , 2006. Trends and Patterns of Mortality in China, Japan and India: A Comparative Analysis. The Social Sciences, 1: 149-153.

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