Authors : Sastra Laoakka , Decha Karnjanangkura and Nuchida Suwapeat
Abstract: Traditional folk toys in Northeast Thailand were created from natural materials and easy to find local resources such as branches, leaves, seeds, bamboo, sap, stones, pebbles, dirt and sand. Traditional folk toys were hand made and were modifications and adaptations of natural materials. Each home and community had their own methods and used materials that were generally available. Traditional toys were therefore unique in their own way and reflected the culture of each individual community. The knowledge in making toys would be passed down from generation to generation. One hundred and twenty four Traditional toys and games have been studied and categorized according to scientific principles of supporting Child development in 3 areas, Toys that promote the development of large muscle movements included 44 items. Toys that promote the development of minor muscle movements included 59 items. Toys that support learning process development included 21 items. Modernization and Globalization have brought modern toys in mass quantities and new inventions to societies. Free trade, modern communication and secluded family lifestyles have pushed many traditional toys and customs to extinction. But scientific toys are not perfect and can be harmful to children and adults if not careful. Cost cutting and the lack of responsibility from manufacturers and parents alike have contributed to low standard toys and the use of harmful substances. Accidents caused from the use of toxic materials and the risk of losing cultural heritage are why traditional folk toys should be reconsidered due to their cultural value and use of safe materials.
Sastra Laoakka , Decha Karnjanangkura and Nuchida Suwapeat , 2009. Isan Children Folk Toys: Application and Development for Appropriate Age-Groups of Child Growth. The Social Sciences, 4: 203-206.