The Social Sciences

Year: 2010
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Page No. 391 - 400

Food, Health and the Economic Depression in Contemporary Nigeria (1979-2009)

Authors : Armstrong Pankyes Mangvwat and Bersheba Monday Mangvwat

Abstract: The study presents an overview of what is food, the various types and its relevance to developing a healthy life. There are cultural variations of what food is globally. Access to food and nutrition has declined over the years, causing a reciprocal decline as well in the health status of Nigerians. A relationship between food and health is explained and established. A theoretical perspective that is conflictual is elaborated. The Nigerian context of food, health and a depressed economy is explained; the economic depression emerged as a result of meeting the demands of the IMF/World Bank loan to develop a structural Adjustment Programme. This plunged a lot of Nigerians into poverty as subsidies were removed from all forms of social services. With the high rate of poverty and unemployment, the necessities invented to survive includes living a promiscuous life to gain food, health, employment and other material acquisition. This has increased the HIV/AIDS prevalence in the country. AIDS was propagated deeply into the blood of the Nigerian society in the early 1980’s during the window period. The early 1980’s was met with harsh economic realities in Nigeria; a lot of sexual gratification expressed itself among the youth in a bid to overcome poverty and harsh conditions of living. This birthed AIDS in Nigeria in 1986. Secondary data from the National Action Committee on AIDS (NACA) was obtained to show the growing prevalence of HIV/AIDS in relation to the economic depression. This has established a relationship between SAP and HIV/AIDS and the survival mechanism of the youth that are the bulk of the labour force that propels Nigeria’s economic development. Lastly, the study ends with a commercial dimension of exports and imports of food, citing some political and economic dimensions of the food trade. The study concludes with cautioning the government on accepting or limiting their romance with neo-liberal policies that further exacerbate or aggravate the situation of food, health and economic depression in Nigeria.

How to cite this article:

Armstrong Pankyes Mangvwat and Bersheba Monday Mangvwat, 2010. Food, Health and the Economic Depression in Contemporary Nigeria (1979-2009). The Social Sciences, 5: 391-400.

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