Abstract: This quasi-experimental research was aimed for studying the effectiveness of a handbook and a VCD for liver fluke prevention among primary school students in 4 schools in Phu Wieng district, Khon Kaen province, Thailand. The samples were 152 subjects divided into two groups; the 1st experimental group included 82 subjects who received health education about liver fluke prevention using a handbook and the 2nd experimental group were 70 subjects who received health education about liver fluke prevention using a VCD. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by the STATA program. The statistics for the descriptive data included percentage, distribution, arithmetic mean and standard deviation and comparisons between groups and within groups were made using paired sample t-test and independent sample t-test. The results showed that after implementation, both experimental groups had significantly higher mean score in three factors namely knowledge, attitude and perceived susceptibility (p<0.001) while perceived benefit and perceived barrier in 1st experimental group had significantly higher mean score than before (p<0.001) as well as perceived severity in 2nd group had significantly higher mean score than before (p<0.001) including liver fluke prevention practice had significantly higher mean score than before (p<0.05 and p<0.005) in consequently 1st group and 2nd group. In addition, the difference in mean score between the 1st and 2nd experimental groups was not significant except perceived susceptibility and perceived benefit (p<0.001) but both were at a high score level. Both groups of students agreed that both media handbook and VCD were useful. They needed to read and clearly understand for the handbook and needed a teacher for the VCD. The examination for parasites found that there were 18 infections including 14 for liver flukes (11.48%) and a few other parasites. This research suggests that both media were effective at behavior modification for liver fluke prevention. Therefore, they should be published and further used for liver fluke prevention.
C. Sota, P. Sithithawor, R. Duangsong and N. Three-Ost, 2011. The Comparative of Liver Fluke Preventions Media Between Hand Book and VCD in Primary School. The Social Sciences, 6: 379-385.