Abstract: Undeniably, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Charter adopted by the United Nation in December, 1948 is a great step forward in the history of United Nation in respect of human rights issue. However, the rights enumerated therein characterized by deficiencies in conceptualization, flaws in formulation and injustices in application. Being subject to political agendas, economic pressure and culturally biased view points, they often serve the interests of certain organizations and powerful special interest groups. As such they, carry the residues of colonialism and imperialism. Thus, it could be said that this is a clear plan from the ongoing suppression and atrocities inflicted on poor and weak nations without any effective measures being taken by these organizations for their defense and protection. Double standard is applied when it comes to the violation of human rights. Weak states are vigorously pursued and hunted whereas powerful countries are blatantly exempted from prosecution. Islam as a divine and universal guidance lies a comprehensive framework of values that embodies universal human rights which is free of bias and deals with the abusers of the human rights equally regardless their races, religions and also color factors hence provides a universal criterion for human rights. Therefore, this study attempts to analyze the issue of human rights from an Islamic perspective in the light of the maqasidic (higher purposes) of shariah and delineates the mechanism for protection of human rights. Using both descriptive and analytical methods, the research concludes that Islam provides a comprehensive and practical mechanism for protection of human rights which are appropriate for all nations and human beings.
Hayatullah Laluddin, Amir Husin Mohd. Nor, Abdel Wadoud Moustafa Moursi El-Seoudi, Ibnor Azli Ibrahim, Ahmad Muhammad Husni, Anwar Fakhri Omar, Muhammad Adib Samsudin, Muhammad Nazir Alias and Abdul Basir Bin Mohamad, 2012. The Relationship Between Islamic Human Rights and the Maqasidic Approach. The Social Sciences, 7: 111-116.