Abstract: The relevance of this study topic is conditioned by the increased interest in the world and in Russian Federation to Islam. For millennia, religious values were synthesized with popular culture. Tatar traditional culture and its literary heritage is not an exception. Native folklore studies under the influence of ideological dogmas of the 20th century, dominated for >70 years, tried to avoid the issues of folk art and Islam mutual influence. The very first scientific research which considered this issue is the doctoral thesis by Sadekova Aisylu Husyainovna (Sadekova, 2001). It is focused on the works of Munajat genre. This genre appeared in the Tatar folklore due to Islamic tradition. Its content and functional parameters are determined by Islamic philosophy. Munajats were prohibited in Tatar folklore before 21st century. It was not studied and collected. Such a fate befell the genre of parable (hikayata) also associated with the philosophy of Islam. By the end of the 20th and early 21st centuries, the interesting researches by Iskhakova-Wamba (1997) and Nigmedzyanov (2003) appeared, devoted to book tunes that are related to musical folklore. Fabulous works included in 13 volume academic collection of the Tatar oral-poetry (published between 1977 and 1986), were cleared from the Islamic impurities. The changes were introduced in the motive structure of fairy tales, often the motives of Islamic culture and philosophy were missed. This may be explained by objective reasons dictated by the dominant anti-religious ideology of the ruling communist party. Therefore, we cant talk about the existence of any system research related to the study of Islamic traditions in the Tatar Tale theory. Taking into account the facts mentioned above, this study can be defined as the first experience dedicated to the identification of Tatar fairy tales motivational structure, composed under the influence of the Islamic tradition.
Gulnaz A. Talipova, Fleur F. Gilemshin, Fanzilya H. Zavgarova and Alsou D. Battalova, 2015. Motives of Islamic Culture in Tatar Folk Tales. The Social Sciences, 10: 2081-2084.