The Social Sciences

Year: 2016
Volume: 11
Issue: 9
Page No. 2014 - 2017

Comparison the Enteral Nutrition and Total Parenteral Nutrition Supports in the Course of Malnutrition Prevalence in Children Referring to Pediatric Hospital, Mashhad, Iran

Authors : Mitra Sotoude, Tahmine Salehian, Bahareh Imani and Gholamreza Kademi

Abstract: The aim of current study was to evaluate malnutrition in children who nourished by Eternal Nutrition Support (ENS) and Total Parental Nutrition (TPN) among children refer to Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). This cross-sectional study was carried out during November 2014 through November 2015 included 200 children which hospitalized at PICU of Sheikh hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Age, gender, cause of hospitalization (main disorder), kind of nutrition intervention TPN or enteral nutrition EN were recorded. Malnutrition and obesity prevalence was determined using Z-scores. Among 186 children, 100 patients (54.3%) were male and 86 ones (45.7%) were female. Z-score exploited among 182 cases to determine nutritional state that indicated 76 persons (41.75%) had malnutrition, 64 ones (35.16%) were at risk, 22 ones (12.08%) had normal state and 20 ones (10.98%) had over weight. There are not any significant difference between age of these studied groups (p = 0.59) and the difference between nutritional groups and total energy uptake was not meaningful (p = 0.29). Children who were under nourished by TPN and EN Method had similar Z-score (p = 0.09; p = 0.18). We concluded that due to our finding, most of hospitalized children had malnutrition or been at risk. Our findings presented that there are not any difference between kind of nutritional intervention and malnutrition.

How to cite this article:

Mitra Sotoude, Tahmine Salehian, Bahareh Imani and Gholamreza Kademi, 2016. Comparison the Enteral Nutrition and Total Parenteral Nutrition Supports in the Course of Malnutrition Prevalence in Children Referring to Pediatric Hospital, Mashhad, Iran. The Social Sciences, 11: 2014-2017.

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