Abstract: Following the collapse of the Ayoubi state, a state was founded on its ruins and its founders were Turkish and Cherkessian servants; therefore, they were called Mamluks. In the Mamluk era (648-922 AH), a new publishing method flourished, i.e., writing a wide range of educational books (maaref) under similar titles in multiple volumes as Encyclopedias. Two samples of this writing pattern were the books Sobho al-esh fi senaate al-enshaa and nehayatah al-rabb fi fonun al-adab. The first book emphasized on history and second book is written with a focus on teachers and writing. Hence, what obsessed the researchers of this study was the difference between this movement and other scientific movements. How is it possible for such valuable and enriching works to be emerged with no political and economic support? Thus, we were to have a comparative analysis of the aforementioned books and to investigate their similarities and differences and to present a picture of political and social conditions and environmental factors influencing the prominence of the cultural heritage of Egypt in this era as the most important factor in the formation of this scientific movement.
Bahram Amani Chacoli, Sayyedeh Leila Taghavi Sangdehi and Maryam Bigdeli, 2016. A Comparative Study of Mamluk Eras Two Literary and Historical Lasting Legacies Sobho Al-Esh Fi Senaate Al-Enshaa and Nehayatah Al-Rabb Fi Fonun Al-Adab. The Social Sciences, 11: 2090-2095.