Abstract: To depict a clear picture of living and work environment, struggle of workers and condition of first labor unions, we should consider general characteristics of Iranian society in the late 19th century and draw the trend of its changes. "Natural geography of Iran is like a social mosaic, the lack of lakes and shippable rivers, extreme lack of rain in the central widened desert which bounded by four mountains of Zagros, Alborz, Makran and Highlands left the population in isolated villages, dispersed towns and nomad tribes." This natural variety of social structure has made Iran as varied and in changing state. As stated above, we tend to observe general conditions of Iranian society in this research in the late 19th century related to the intervention of foreigners and Qajar government, such contexts in which industries and consequently the new working class formed in Iran and furthermore investigate activities and efforts have been done in the term of labor unions to improve their situation.
Aazam Khedri, Mohammad Neamat Pour and Alireza Golshani, 2016. The Overall Structure of Iranian Society in the Late Qajar Period. The Social Sciences, 11: 2101-2104.