Abstract: Geological prospecting and exploration that were conducted in Russia in the 18th century, built a material foundation to understand the geological structure of the country but mostly of its European part. The overall volume of prospecting operations, carried out on the territory of Russia at the time was insignificant. The industrial revolution that began in Russia in the period and growing needs of the mining business in the second half of the 19th century made it necessary to dispatch prospecting and exploration parties to the Urals, Altai, Siberia, Caucasus, the Donets Basin and other regions of Russia. Developing vast territories of Russia and its numerous fields was impossible without a detailed study into their geological aspects and mapping. This study focuses on the contributions to the geological exploration of Russia made by major mining engineers, geologists and directors of the Mining Institute in last quarter of the 19th century. This study is based on such sources as archival materials, monographs and legislative acts.
Irina V. Voloshinova and Anton B. Mokeev, 2016. Geological Surveys by Russian Mining Engineers in the Last Quarter of the 19th Century. The Social Sciences, 11: 29-35.