Abstract: Justice and its implementation is one of the fundamental and innate needs of the human existence of which has always provided an appropriate framework for the development of human societies throughout the history. Accomplished researches show that distributive justice is a variable which predicts most of the organizational variables. The issue of organizational citizenship behavior is one of these variables which is of great importance in todays organizations, therefore, this study aims to investigate the relationship between distributive justice and organizational citizenship behavior among nurses in a military hospital in Iran. This study is a descriptive-correlational research. The research society is the group of nurses in a military hospital and has been carried out using stratified random sampling method. Data were collected through two questionnaires including Beugre OJ scale and the OCB questionnaire made based on Organ dimensions of citizenship behavior (conscientiousness, altruism, courtesy, sportsmanship, civic virtue). The Structural Equations Modeling (SEM) was used to determine the effect of the variables. Data analysis method was SEM and the softwares SPSS and Amos have been used. Distributive justice had the greatest impact on civic virtue and sportsmanship and the final model of the impact of distributive justice on organizational citizenship behavior has been approved. Based on the findings of this study, if the hospitals increase the sense of justice among their nurses, the nurses will pay more attention to concepts such as organizational citizenship behavior too.
Maryam Yaghoubi, Nasrin Shaarbafchi Zadeh, Fatemeh Rahmati-Najarkolaei and Mohammad Reza Soltanizarandi, 2016. The Study of Effect of Distributive Justice on Organizational Citizenship Behavior Using Structural Equations Modeling (SEM) Between Nurses in a Military Hospital in Iran. The Social Sciences, 11: 311-316.