Abstract: Human being is intuitive by nature and innately is fond of good works and good praise and obscene things are to be criticized, the main reason of which is dissatisfaction and distress of social and political conditions of the political community. In the poets world the appropriate and timely criticism and protest, is among the best moral traits; because correct criticism and protest is considered to be one of the most important issues in the poetry of the poets. Khaghani also considered as a conscious human being in his time with the art of poetry has criticized and protested against the dishonesty and misbehaviors in the community at his time and has complained; the complaints that sometimes have been of the world similar in some ways and the other world different. This process inn this study is called the criticism and protest. The manner of criticism and protest is in Persian literature that is not specifically for Khaghani but many poets before him such as: Rudaki, Kasaee Marvarzy, Ferdowsi, Naser Khosrow and writers and poets after his time have also composed poems in this field. Accordingly, literary criticism and protest is an outcome of an intellectual and moral issue that a knowledgeable and open-minded poet or writer in dealing with disadvantages and evils of society would speak the language of protest in the form of literary prose and verse. The researcher of this study aims to identify and examine the criticizing and protesting poetry of the first class great poet of Iranian literature, Khaghani Shervani and is going to analyze the social classes being protested against by the mentioned poet.
Mohammad Hossein Khan Mohammadi, Mohammad Amir Obaydinia and Ali Ansari Satlu, 2016. The Poetry of Criticism and Protest by Khaghani Shervani in Persian Literature. The Social Sciences, 11: 3526-3531.