Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate sociological analysis of professional skills and its impact on the employment of female-headed households with emphasis on female-headed households covered by the Relief Committee of Imam Khomeini in Tehran in 2014. Female-headed households are often vulnerable to damage such as lack access to job opportunities, illiteracy or low literacy, lack of continuous income and other severe mental health problems that if they continue, remarkable damages will be created to the community bodies. The current research population was 28399 individuals of householders women covered by the Relief Committee of Imam Khomeini who 386 individuals were selected as sample. In this study, in order to answer questions both a qualitative and quantitative approach was used in the quantitative approach, data collection was performed through questionnaire and in qualitative approach, check lists of depth interviews with phenomenological technique of female-headed households was used. The results showed that low percentage of female-headed households had the skills and most of them (85.5%) for different reasons had no desire to acquire skills and are engaged in activities such as education and nursing (both children and adults), cleaning, secretarial and jobs with low-wage. According to the study, most of the problems of this group of women were economic (including housing and adequate income), psychological and social (lack of security and isolation).
Soraya Goudarzi, Reza Ismaili and Ismail Jahanbakhsh, 2016. Sociological Analysis of Professional Skills and its Impact on the Employment of Female-Headed Households (With Emphasis on Female-Headed Households Covered by the Relief Committee of Imam Khomeini in Tehran in 2014). The Social Sciences, 11: 439-446.