Abstract: One of the social problems of pre-Islamic Arabs was outcast phenomenon in which a group of tribesmen were marginalized in order to live with poverty, homelessness, hunger and vagrancy. They were not born with such features and characteristics but it was inevitable fate that their tribe condemned and gave them as a gift. Urwah bin Al-Vard is one of the pre-Islamic out-casted and chivalrous poets who is different from other out-casted people and poets of that period in characteristics and behaviours as well as poetic styles. He is a poet that due to his special attention to the poor and needy, especially out-casted ones were known as Arwa Al-Saalik and Abu Al-Saalik. This study aims to examine Saalik (out-casted) in his poetries has been written and tries to eliminate slanders that were made to this liberal and chivalrous people from their suffering face thus seek the main factors of this phenomenon in society itself.
Shafih Borhani, Ardashir Sadradini and Roghaye Ershadi Mahmood Jagh, 2016. Outcast in the Poem of Urwah Ibn Al-Vard. The Social Sciences, 11: 456-462.