Abstract: Air pollution refers to any pollutant, whether solid, liquid or gas and radioactive and non-radioactive radiation in the air to the amount and length of time which threatens quality of life for humans and other organisms or damages artifacts and properties. The origin and health effects of air pollutants are numerous it is impractical to review all of them. Generally, a group of air pollutants called criteria air pollutants including carbon monoxide, ozone, particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide are taken into consideration. Due to its special geographical and cultural conditions, Iran is able to produce hand-woven carpets. Carpet is one of the national heritage of Iran. Carpet Museum of Iran has been established for storage of historical carpets. Movement of visitors and museum staff is higher in exhibition halls. Huge amount of pollutants which are non-compliant with natural mechanisms is released in the air. These pollutants have devastating effects on humans and artifacts existing in museums. Considering the effect of air pollution, prediction of pollution index can help decision-making. Over the years, studies have been conducted on pollution of the environment surrounding objects and humans. Given the importance of pollution control and its important role in environmental management, it is essential to identify major pollutants in museums and take actions on their effective control. Important factors such as dust, carbon oxides, sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides must be analyzed continuously in real time to control them in case of incompliance with the standards. The first step in environmental control is to minimize corruption of artifacts and materials; the second step is to stabilize artifacts against pollution of the storage area. Using statistical methods and sampling as well as archival and laboratory studies, this study identifies, measures and monitors atmospheric pollutions of museums in order to determine the most functional method for storage of carpets. For this purpose, Carpet Museum of Iran is chosen for implementing these methods.
Mehrnaz Azadi Boyaghchi, Ahmad Salehi Kakhki and Sasan Samanian, 2016. Monitoring of Atmospheric Pollutants Carpet Museum of Iran for Proactive Protection Carpet Museum. The Social Sciences, 11: 5204-5210.