The Social Sciences

Year: 2016
Volume: 11
Issue: 23
Page No. 5584 - 5589

Budgetary System Reforms in Nigeria: Implications for Poverty Reduction

Authors : Ben-Caleb Egbide, Omoleyinwa Eddy, Obigbemi Imoleayo and Adeyemo Kingsley

Abstract: This study was conceptualized to investigate the influence (if any) of budget reforms specifically the Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) and the Fiscal Responsibility Act (FRA) on related reforms and poverty reduction in Nigeria. Budgetary reforms in particular and Public Finance Management (PFM) reforms in general are believed to bring about improvement in the budgetary outcomes which translate directly or indirectly to improvement in national wellbeing including poverty reduction. Conceptually, an indirect association exist between budget reforms and poverty reduction, an empirical nexus is however a moot. Historical time series data were collected representing 7 years before and 7 years after the adoption of MTEF and 5 years before and 5 years after the enactment of FRA. Utilizing the pre-test/post-test deign of a Paired sample t-test, the results revealed that Poverty Index (POI) in Nigeria reduced after the introduction of both MTEFand FRA. However, while the reduction after the introduction of MTEF was statistically significant, the reduction after the enactment FRA was not insignificant. The study ecommends the enforcement of stricter adherence tobudgetaryand other public finance management reforms in order to generate greater impact and on the economy.

How to cite this article:

Ben-Caleb Egbide, Omoleyinwa Eddy, Obigbemi Imoleayo and Adeyemo Kingsley, 2016. Budgetary System Reforms in Nigeria: Implications for Poverty Reduction. The Social Sciences, 11: 5584-5589.

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