The Social Sciences

Year: 2016
Volume: 11
Issue: 23
Page No. 5638 - 5642

Demographic Development of Vietnam in the Context of the "Asian Vector" of Russia’s Foreign Policy

Authors : Sergey Ryazantsev and Elena Pismennaya

Abstract: After political events in Ukraine over the period from 2014-2015 and as their consequence, escalating tensions between Russia and the West, the "Asian vector" that is the Russian turn to the East, China, Korea, Southeast Asia has become a new direction of Russia’s foreign policy. The "Asian vector" of Russia’s foreign policy can step-by-step change geographical priorities of Russia’s migration policy. Now a days the main countries which send labor migrants are China, Vietnam, North Korea, Turkey. The role of China, Vietnam and other Asian countries in the flows of educational migrants to Russia is significant. In the face of the cautious attitude towards Chinese migrants and the high degree of "Chinese phobia" in Russian regions, migration from Vietnam is a real alternative to Chinese migration to Russia. Vietnam has the great demographic potential to become the regional leader in Southeast Asia in migration to Russia in the medium term. But still migration policy of the Russian Federation towards Vietnam is "asymmetrical" because Russia has not abolished visas for Vietnamese citizens (even for short journeys) and considers Vietnam as a "migratory-dangerous country". It influences visa procedures and the Vietnamese should get a Russian visa only being offered an invitation formalized in the Federal Migration Service by an inviting organization or person. If attracting Vietnamese labor migrants an employer should obtain an allowance to attract foreign workers but this procedure is very bureaucratic, informationless and expensive. Although, the migration potential in Vietnam is significant, Russia will not attract and receive Vietnamese migrants into the labor market and universities without the conceptual change of migration policy towards Vietnam as well as without active formation of the migration flows in Vietnam. Russia’s migration policy should be more available to educational migrants, entrepreneurs, businessmen and investors from Vietnam and other Asian countries. An innovative approach to Russian migration policy can improve the socio-economic development and the population stabilization in Far East regions which for the past 25 year suffer an economic setback and lose their population. The Russian Far East thanks to Asian and Vietnamese migration can become a geopolitical and economic corridor that will connect Russian to the rapidly growing Asia-Pacific Region.

How to cite this article:

Sergey Ryazantsev and Elena Pismennaya, 2016. Demographic Development of Vietnam in the Context of the "Asian Vector" of Russia’s Foreign Policy. The Social Sciences, 11: 5638-5642.

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