The Social Sciences

Year: 2016
Volume: 11
Issue: 25
Page No. 6033 - 6043

Study of the Relationship Between Moral Intelligence and Tendency to Democratic Values (Case Study of Orumieh)

Authors : Fatemeh Golabi, Mohammad Bagher Alizadeh Aghdam, Rahim Badri Gargari and Mehdi Rafiee

Abstract: Supportive culture of democracy has been emphasized by many social theorists. They have examined the role of a broad array of attitudes, values and behavior patterns on democratization and democratic processes in societies. These studies have demonstrated the importance of knowledge, belief, morals, custom and so on for democracy and the tendency of individuals to democratic values. Longitudinal studies also support the theory that intelligence has an impact on political orientations and behavior. The study of the relationship between moral intelligence as a mental and behavioral ability-and the tendency of individuals to democratic values can be seen in this line of studies. The study was administered in Orumieh (capital city of West Azarbaijan province) which is one of the most culturally and ethnically diverse cities of iran. A survey was created and administered to 600 citizens of this city. Using multistage cluster sampling of 5 districts in Orumieh, 600 citizens were selected and the study was performed among them. Obtained data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and linear regression and the result shows the existence of a significant relationship between moral intelligence and the tendency to democratic values among Orumieh citizens. Statistical findings also show religion and ethnicity affect the tendency of individuals to democratic values. Thus, both our first hypothesis about the relationship between moral intelligence and the tendency of individuals to democratic values and the second hypothesis about the effects of religion and ethnicity on the tendency of individuals to democratic values are confirmed according to acquired data.

How to cite this article:

Fatemeh Golabi, Mohammad Bagher Alizadeh Aghdam, Rahim Badri Gargari and Mehdi Rafiee, 2016. Study of the Relationship Between Moral Intelligence and Tendency to Democratic Values (Case Study of Orumieh). The Social Sciences, 11: 6033-6043.

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