Abstract: At contemporary stage of economic system transformation a particular interest of scientists and practicioners is drawn to collaboration as poorly studied but rapidly developing and effective for of relations between business entities in diverse branches of economic. In frames of the new social-economic policy of support of regions of Far East of Russia were distinguished areas of priority development that can act as a platform for entrepreneurship development in tourism sphere, creating more competitive environment for entrepreneurial activity in relation to functioning of similar areas in Asia Pacific Region. The key principles of these areas are cardinal deregulation and large scale tax stimulation. In course of creation of priority development areas an important role is played by coordination of all alliance participants that include federal government and entrepreneurial structures. The objective of the researcher is the development of mechanism of tourist cluster functioning in areas of priority development via state-private entrepreneurship. In frames of objective set are solved the following tasks: analysis of legislation of priority development areas, estimation of condition of tourist branch and infrastructure, development of mechanism of tourist cluster functioning in priority development areas via form of state-private entrepreneurship, state franchising. In course of research were used such methods as economic-statistical, comparative analysis, graphic description. Differently from works of other researchers, authors applied complex approach to realization of mechanism of state and entrepreneurial structures interaction. In the basis of the researcher (this research) is laid the legislation base on functioning of priority development areas, cluster approaches on example of tourist branch of Primorskiy Krai. In result of conducted research are detected peculiarities of cluster approach for effective functioning of tourist branch, tourist potential of Primorsliy Krai was analyzed, peculiarities of use of state-private entrepreneurship for development of priority development areas were determined. Mechanism of state and entrepreneurial structures interaction with elements of tourist cluster in form of state franchising in priority development areas that would allow to bring internal tourist product of Promosrskiy Krai to international level is proposed. In the basis of this mechanism is laid the partnership between state sector (Franchiser) and entrepreneurial sector (Franchisee) inside of tourist cluster which in conditions of priority development areas would provide the influx of investments into development of both tourist facilities and infrastructure and also would allow to support small and medium business. Eventually this will lead to realization of strategic targets on development of Far East territories in frames of state program.
V.Yu. Baldina, G.V. Petruk and Yu.S. Lebedinskaya, 2016. Collaboration of State and Business as Instrument of Stable Development of Far East of Russia in Priority Development Areas (On Example of Tourist Cluster). The Social Sciences, 11: 6761-6769.