Abstract: The present research study is an attempt to describe the various steps undertaken in constructing survey for researches. Although, the word survey used as an umbrella in research context covers all the main instruments of research investigation such as questionnaire, interview and class observation but here it focuses mainly on the questionnaire rather than on the entire survey administration process. The experts and methodologists on survey construction insist that questionnaire formation requires unique talent in order to earn valid data. The present study thus talks about the formation of items that work well. It discusses the necessary procedure to construct a survey that could help generate sufficient and valid data in short frame of time. In the later section of this study, the major types of questionnaire items are explained at length. Finally, it provides comprehensive information about detection of structural problems, questionnaire format, translation and proper planning for postal survey including piloting of questionnaire. In addition, it concludes that knowledge of questionnaire construction has tremendous role in research to reduce survey errors.
Insaf Ali Siming, Elizabeth M. Anthony, Mansoor Ahmed Channa and Muhammad Mujtaba Asad, 2017. A Study of Major Steps in Constructing Quantitative Survey: A Guide for Researchers. The Social Sciences, 12: 363-369.