Abstract: The presence of conflict involving the custom community, the government and the corporation are caused by a different understanding of seeing the natural resources. This different understanding has caused a different management and utilization of natural resources. It often leads to a conflict of interest among the government, corporation and local community. According to the macro perspective, this research actually aims to explore the questions about the management conflict of Poboya HRD, actors involved in getting access and control of HRD, the group that get impacts of benefits and loss from the relation between the existing authority and custom peoples representatives in the middle of it. In giving direction and clarity of methodology in this research, multi-paradigms that is critical paradigm and constructive paradigm are used. To overcome the conflict, the researcher looked at Marx, views on class conflict and the presence of opposing actions: Dahrendorfs views on domination of the government power towards public domain and Randall Collins views on the control of a group of people on resources. By using the conflict perspectives coated with ecology-politic perspective, this research shows that the conflict happening in Poboya is a dispute among the actors of different ideologies. Those who act on behalf of "custom", together with a number of local ORNOP (ecopopulism) build community power to dominate and get an access to HRD in Poboya. This cannot be separated from the presence of a group of ideologists and custom community and "shared authority" in the local political elites due to double interests. On the other hand, the custom community which should have become the final "shelter" for natural resource conservation has in fact, become involved in the dispute itself. If this did not manage well, Poboya would be trapped in "natural resources curse": a country that is rich in natural resources (gold) but its people live in poverty.
Sulthan Zainuddin, A. Maddukelleng and Z.Hj. Sumarni, 2018. Autonomy Dispute: Between Glitter of Gold and Conservation (Case Study on Traditional Gold Mining in Kaili Custom Community at Poboya, Palu). The Social Sciences, 13: 1324-1327.