Abstract: Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia in its governance, follows principles of decentralization, deconcentration and assistive duties. Principle of decentralization is autonomy in extensive terms which means that regions are given with authority to manage its own governmental affairs beyond central governmental affairs. Regions are authorized to make regional policies to improve public services, public empowerment and strengthening of regional autonomy. One form of the strengthening of regional autonomy is regional structuring with mechanism of “Regional establishment” or “Regional adjustment” which is expected to achieve six objectives mandated by the most recent law of local government, Law No. 23 of 2014: to achieve effectiveness of local governance, to accelerate increasing of public welfare, to accelerate quality improvement of public services, to improve quality of governance, to improve national and local competitiveness and to preserve customary, traditional and local cultural uniqueness. One of regions in Indonesia that requires regional structuring is Malinau Regency which is located in North Kalimantan Province, the youngest province of Indonesia. This province is directly adjacent with Malaysia. Considering this condition and in relation with Nawacita (the nine priorities) of the President of Indonesia (Ir. Joko Widodo), government should immediately make a policy specifically for regional structuring in border region. One necessary policy is to establish new district, so that, range of administrative service can be wider and closer to public. Therefore, two districts in Malinau Regency, namely North Malinau and Khayan Hilir are chosen to be studied more comprehensively in administrative context. Both districts are included in category of region with 3T characteristics tertinggal (underdeveloped), terdepan (foremost), terluar (remote))
Fernandes Simangunsong and Imelda Hutasoit, 2018. Strengthening of Administrative Services in Isolated Regions of Indonesia (Empirical Study on Formation Of New District of North Malinau and Kayan Hilir in Malinau Regency North Kalimantan Province). The Social Sciences, 13: 1416-1433.