Abstract: This study is an analysis of the socio-economic characteristics of the artisanal fishery in Grand-Lahou lagoon in relation to deviant practices observed in recent years. The proliferation of fishing by poisoning in the lagoon raises the complex issue of sustainability of the activity and the negative economic impact for the populations that exploit it. The causes of these actions have been a subject of research in the area of socio-economics. Therefore, surveys were conducted on 486 fishing units in 12 villages surrounding the lagoon. After a description of the socio-demographic, technical and economic parameters, a multiple correspondence analysis has been applied to 21 variables in order to detect the factorial correlations between them. It was concluded that the average income according to the category of fishermen and to the season is situated between 3525±4 802 F CFA and 24 748±35 761 F CFA per trip. The artisanal fishers are predominantly indigenous people under 35 years old. In this population, professional fishermen have also the greatest farms. Globally, the range of fishermen under 40 years old is poorly integrated into the professional category. They also use equipment with low financial benefits. Thus, it seems like there is a difference in how each generation perceive the use of fishing techniques. This situation can lead to a break in the transmission of know-how in fishing and be a serious threat to the sustainability of artisanal fishing in Grand-Lahou lagoon.
Segbe Guy Romaric Balle, Alban Alphonse Ahoure and Allassane Ouattara, 2018. Socio Economic Characterization and Sustainability of Artisanal Fishing in Grand Lahou Lagoon (Cote d'Ivoire). The Social Sciences, 13: 1516-1526.