Abstract: This study is aimed at providing an overview of social and cultural reality of Bajo people in fishing ritual activities in Maginti Island which is not widely known by the general public, therefore, it is important to be published widely. The objectives of this study are: to understand the forms and processes of fishing ritual activities performed by Bajo people before going to the sea (fishing) while at the sea and after a long day at the sea. To understand cultural symbols (prayer rituals, spells, ritual, language and art (song and dance) used in the ritual of going to sea. To understand the symbolic meaning of the ritual process that exists as philosophy of Bajo people in everyday lives. The social action theory is used in this study based on (Max Weber). This method used is ethnographic method. Determination of informants in the study is a snow ball system. Data analysis technique is description, analysis and interpretation. The results showed that Bajo people in Maginti Island believe that there is sea power (bombonga Lao), so that, before, doing fishing activities, Bajo people firstly, carry out a ritual. The stages of the fishing rituals are nyalamak di Lao (before fishing) aim for safety at sea; Nobire Palibu di Lao (at the sea) aim to seek the sea, mole palibu in Lao (after fishing) ritual purposes to apologize to Bombonga Lao (sea power) for the violations committed.
Akhmad Marhadi and La Hatani, 2018. Ritual Process of Bajo People in Fishing Activities: Study of Bajo Society in Tiworo Islands Muna of Southeast Sulawesi. The Social Sciences, 13: 619-636.