Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances

Year: 2009
Volume: 8
Issue: 5
Page No. 868 - 875

Performance, Nutrient Digestibility and Nutrient Balance in Weaned Pigs Fed Diets Supplemented with Antibiotics or Zinc Oxide

Authors : Yung-Keun Han and Philip A. Thacker

References

AOAC., 1995. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th Edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC., USA., Pages: 1094.

Berenguer, P., S. Cela, F. Santiveri, J. Boixadera and J. Lloveras, 2008. Copper and zinc soil accumulation and plant concentration in irrigated maize fertilized with liquid swine manure. Agron. J., 100: 1056-1061.
Direct Link  |  

Burch, D.G., 2008. Chlortetracycline: The versatile antibiotic for pig medication. http://www.octagon-services.co.uk/articles/chlortetracycline.htm.

Carlson, M.S., G.M. Hill and J.E. Link, 1999. Early-and traditionally weaned nursery pigs benefit from phase-feeding pharmacological concentrations of zinc oxide: Effect on metallothionein and mineral concentrations. J. Anim. Sci., 77: 1199-1207.
Direct Link  |  

Case, C.L. and M.S. Carlson, 2002. Effect of feeding organic and inorganic sources of additional zinc on growth performance and zinc balance in nursery pigs. J. Anim. Sci., 80: 1917-1924.
PubMed  |  

Chaney, R.L., 1993. Zinc Phytotoxicity. In: Zinc in Soils and Plants, Robson, A.D. (Ed.). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp: 135-150.

Committee for Veterinary Medicinal Products, 2000. Tiamulin summary report. The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products.

Fryer, A., E.R. Miller, P.K. Ku and D.E. Ullrey, 1992. Effect of elevated dietary zinc on growth performance of weanling swine. Michigan State Univ. Rep. Swine Res., 520: 128-132.
Direct Link  |  

Hahn, J.D. and D.H. Baker, 1993. Growth and plasma zinc responses of young pigs fed pharmacologic levels of zinc. J. Anim. Sci., 71: 3020-3024.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Hambidge, K.M., C.E. Casey and N.F. Krebs, 1985. Zinc. In: Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition, Mertz, W. (Ed.). 5th Edn., Academic Press, Orlando, ISBN: 0124912524, pp: 1-137.

Hedemann, M.S., B.B. Jensen and H.D. Poulsen, 2006. Influence of dietary zinc and copper on digestive enzyme activity and intestinal morphology in weaned pigs. J. Anim. Sci., 84: 3310-3320.
Direct Link  |  

Hill, G.M. and J.W. Spears, 2001. Trace and Ultra-trace Elements in Swine Nutrition. In: Swine Nutrition, Lewis, A.J. and L.L. Southern (Eds.). CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL., pp: 229-261.

Hill, G.M., D.C. Mahan, S.D. Carter, G.L. Cromwell and R.C. Ewan et al., 2001. Effect of pharmacological concentrations of zinc oxide with or without the inclusion of an antibacterial agent on nursery pig performance. J. Anim. Sci., 79: 934-941.
Direct Link  |  

Hill, G.M., G.L. Cromwell, T.D. Crenshaw, C.R. Dove and R.C. Ewan et al., 2000. Growth promotion effects and plasma changes from feeding high dietary concentrations of zinc and copper to weanling pigs (regional study). J. Anim. Sci., 78: 1010-1016.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Holm, A. and H.D. Poulsen, 1996. Zinc oxide in treating E. coli diarrhea in pigs after weaning. Compend. Contin. Educ. Prac. Vet. Food Anim. Med. Manage., 18: S26-S29.
Direct Link  |  

Hsu, J.H. and S.L. Lo, 2001. Effect of composting on characterization and leaching of copper, manganese and zinc from swine manure. Environ. Pollut., 114: 119-127.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Huang, S.X., M. McFall, A.C. Cegielski and R.N. Kirkwood, 1999. Effect of dietary zinc supplemen-tation on Escherichia coli septicemia in weaned pigs. Swine Health Prod., 7: 109-111.

Katouli, M., L. Melin, M. Jensen-Waern, P. Wallgren and R. Mollby, 1999. The effect of zinc oxide supplementation on the stability of the intestinal flora with special reference to composition of coliforms in weaned pigs. J. Applied Microbiol., 87: 564-573.
Direct Link  |  

Kavanagh, N.T., 1992. The effect of feed supplemented with zinc oxide on the performance of recently weaned pigs. Proceedings of the International Pig Veterinary Meetings, (IPVM'92), The Hague, The Netherlands, pp: 616-616.

Li, B.T., A.G. Van Kessel, W.R. Caine, S.X. Huang and R.N. Kirkwood, 2001. Small intestinal morphology and bacterial populations in ileal digesta and feces of newly weaned pigs receiving a high dietary level of zinc oxide. Can. J. Anim. Sci., 81: 511-516.
CrossRef  |  

Li, X., J. Yin, D. Li, X. Chen, J. Zang and X. Zhou, 2006. Dietary supplementation with zinc oxide increases IGF-I and IGF-I receptor gene expression in the small intestine of weanling piglets. J. Nutr., 136: 1786-1791.
Direct Link  |  

Li, Z. and L.M. Shuman, 1997. Mobility of Zn, Cd and Pb in soil as affected by poultry litter extract 1. Leaching in soil columns. Environ. Pollut., 95: 219-226.
CrossRef  |  

Martinez, C.E. and H.L. Motto, 2000. Solubility of lead, zinc and copper added to mineral soils. Environ. Pollut., 107: 153-158.

NRC., 1998. Nutrient Requirements of Swine. 10th Edn., National Research Council, Washington, DC., USA.

O`Dell, B.L., 1989. Mineral interactions relevant to nutrient requirements. J. Nutr., 119: 1832-1838.
Direct Link  |  

Payne, R.L., T.D. Bidner, T.M. Fakler and L.L. Southern, 2006. Growth and intestinal morphology of pigs from sows fed 2 zinc sources during gestation and lactation. J. Anim. Sci., 84: 2141-2148.
Direct Link  |  

Poulsen, H.D., 1995. Zinc oxide for weanling piglets. Acta Agric. Scand. Sect. A-Anim. Sci., 45: 159-167.
Direct Link  |  

Prabucki, A.L., L. Rennerova, H. Vogtmann, C. Wenk and A. Schuerch, 1975. The utilization of 4 NHCl-insoluble ash as an indicator for estimation of digestibility. Institute for Animal Nutrition ETH Zuerich. Misc. Pap. Landbouwhogesch. Weningen, 11: 113-114.

Prasad, A.S., 2007. Zinc: Mechanisms of host defense. J. Nutr., 137: 1345-1349.
Direct Link  |  

Sandstead, H.H. and G.W. Evans, 1984. Zinc. In: Present Knowledge in Nutrition, Olson, R.E., H.P. Broquist, C.O. Chichester, W.J. Darby, A.C. Kolbye and R.M. Stalvey (Eds.). The Nutrition Foundation, Washington, DC., pp: 479-505.

Schell, T.C. and E.T. Kornegay, 1996. Zinc concentration in tissues and performance of weanling pigs fed pharmacological levels of zinc from ZnO, Zn-methionine, Zn-lysine or ZnSO4. J. Anim. Sci., 74: 1584-1593.
Direct Link  |  

Schneider, B.H. and W.P. Flatt, 1975. The Evaluation of Feeds Through Digestibility Experiments. University of Georgia Press, Athens, Georgia, ISBN: 082030378X, pp: 423.

Smith, J.W., M.D. Tokach, R.D. Goodband, J.L. Nelssen and B.T. Richert, 1997. Effects of the interrelationship between zinc oxide and copper sulphate on growth performance of early-weaned pigs. J. Anim. Sci., 75: 1861-1866.

Statistix, 1996. Statistix for Windows. Borland International, Inc., USA.

Tokach, L.M., M.D. Tokach, R.D. Goodband, J.L. Nelssen, S.C. Henry and T.A. Marsteller, 1992. Influence of zinc oxide in starter diets on pig performance. Proceedings of the Amercian Association Swine Practice Minneapolis, (AASPM'92), Minneapolis, MN., pp: 411-411.

Turner, J.L., S.S. Dritz and J.E. Minton, 2001. Review: Alternatives to conventional antimicrobials in swine diets. Prod. Anim. Sci., 17: 217-226.

Visek, W.J., 1978. The mode of growth promotion by antibiotics. J. Anim. Sci., 46: 1447-1469.
Direct Link  |  

Walker, C.F. and R.E. Black, 2004. Zinc and the risk for infectious disease. Ann. Rev. Nutr., 24: 255-275.
CrossRef  |  

Yin, J., X. Li, D. Li, T. Yue and Q. Fang(et al)., 2008. Dietary supplementation with zinc oxide stimulates ghrelin secretion from the stomach of young pigs. J. Nutr. Biochem., 19: 627-633.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Design and power by Medwell Web Development Team. © Medwell Publishing 2022 All Rights Reserved