Authors : Basem Khamees Ubaid
Abstract: The monetary policy is a vital method used in implementing monetary stability through the management of income and adjustment of the price (monetary targets) in order to promote stability and growth of real output (non-cash goals); the tool of interest rate and direct investment guides or movement towards the desired destination and supervisory instruments of monetary policy in both quantitative and qualitative. The latter is very important as a standard compass to investigate the purposes of the movement monetary policy in the economy. The public and businesses were given monetary policy signals by those tools. In fiscal policy, there are specific techniques to follow to do the spending and collection of revenue. This is done in order to actualize the adopted goals by the state and the relative closeness between monetary policy and fiscal policy objectives that requires relationship between two policies. Also, in order to achieve the goal of stability and promote economic growth within the tax multiplier. Multiplier of government spending is aiming at the goal of stability automatically and the allocation or distribution of economic stability through a basic introduction of the aim and objective of allocating resources to the required fields. In this vein, the objectives of the fiscal policy can be brought up spontaneously with the provisions of side and control effects which are in consonant with the outcome received in terms of economic cycle. The research showed that the impact of monetary policy in Iraq is insignificant on non-oil gross domestic product through a multiplier of monetary policy (K) and the flexibility of non-oil gross domestic product for money supply (E). Similarly, the impact of fiscal policy on non-oil gross domestic product through the fiscal policy multiplier (K) and the flexibility of non-oil gross domestic product for the government to spend are insignificant.
Basem Khamees Ubaid , 2017. Estimate of the Multiplier Effect of the Monetary and Fiscal Policy on Non-Oil Gross Domestic Product in the Iraqi Economy for the Period of 1990-2014. International Business Management, 11: 1188-1198.