Search in Medwell
 
 
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
Year: 2011 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 12 | Page No.: 1580-1587
DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2011.1580.1587  
Growth Performance Responses and Indicators of Gastrointestinal Health in Early Weaned Pigs Fed Chinese Herbal Medicine Additives-Supplemented Diets
Y.Y. Ding, C.H. Zhang, X.L. He, L. Huang and Z.J. Yin
 
References
Blomberg, L., A. Henriksson and P.L. Conway, 1993. Inhibition of adhesion of Escherichia coli K88 to piglet ileal mucus by Lactobacillus spp. Applied Environ. Microbiol., 59: 34-39.
PubMed  |  

Buddle, J.R. and J.R. Bolton, 1992. The pathophysiology of diarrhoea in pigs. Pig News Inform., 13: 41-45.

Canibe, N. and B.B. Jensen, 2003. Fermented and nonfermented liquid feed to growing pigs: effect on aspects of gastrointestinal ecology and growth performance. J. Anim. Sci., 81: 2019-2031.
PubMed  |  

Cromwell, G.L., 2002. Why and how antibiotics are used in swine production. Anim. Biotechnol., 13: 7-27.
CrossRef  |  

De Cupere, F., P. Deprez, D. Demeulenaere and E. Muylle, 1992. Evaluation of the effect of 3 probiotics on experimental Escherichia coli enterotoxaemia in weaned piglets. J. Vet. Med. B, 39: 277-284.
CrossRef  |  

Dillon, S., T. Sweeney, S. Figat, J.J. Callan and J.V. O`Doherty, 2010. The effects of lactose inclusion and seaweed extract on performance, nutrient digestibility and microbial populations in newly weaned piglets. Livest. Sci., 134: 205-207.
CrossRef  |  

Fang, J., F.Y. Yan, X.F. Kong, Z. Ruan and Z.Q. Liu et al., 2009. Dietary supplementation with Acanthopanax senticosus extract enhances gut health in weanling piglets. Livestock Sci., 123: 268-275.
Direct Link  |  

Francois, A.C., 1962. Mode of action of antibiotics on growth. World Rev. Nutr. Diet, 3: 21-64.

Fuller, R., 1977.. The importance of lactobacilli in maintaining normal microbial balance in the crop. Br. Poult. Sci., 18: 85-94.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Fuller, R., 1989. Probiotics in man and animals. J. Applied Microbiol., 66: 365-378.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  

Hampson, D.J., 1986. Alterations in the piglet small intestinal architecture at weaning. Res. Vet. Sci., 40: 32-40.

Hampson, D.J., M. Hinton and D.E. Kidder, 1985. Coliform numbers in the stomach and small intestine of healthy pigs following weaning at three weeks of age. J. Comp. Pathol., 95: 353-362.
CrossRef  |  

Hillman, K., R.J. Spencer, T.A. Murdoch and C.S. Stewart, 1995. The effect of mixtures of Lactobacillus spp. on the survival of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in in vitro continuous culture of porcine intestinal bacteria. Lett. Applied Microbiol., 20: 130-133.
CrossRef  |  

Jensen, B.B., 1998. The impact of feed additives on the microbial ecology of the gut in young pigs. J. Anim. Feed Sci., 7: 45-64.
Direct Link  |  

Kelly, D., J.J. O'Brien and K.J. McCracken, 1990. Effect of creep feeding on the incidence, duration and severity of post-weaning diarrhoea in pigs. Res. Vet. Sci., 49: 223-228.
PubMed  |  

King, R.H. and J.R. Pluske, 2003. Nutritional Management of the Pig in Preparation of Weaning. In: Weaning the Pig-Concepts and Consequences, Pluske, J.R., J. le Dividich and M.W.A. Verstegen (Eds.). Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp: 37-51.

Kong, X.F., F.G. Yin, Q.H. He, H.J. Liu and T.J. Li et al., 2009. Acanthopanax senticosus extract as a dietary additive enhances the apparent ileal digestibility of amino acids in weaned piglets. Livest. Sci., 123: 261-267.
CrossRef  |  

Kong, X.F., G.Y. Wu, Y.P. Liao, Z.P. Hou and H.J. Liu et al., 2007. Effects of Chinese herbal ultra-fine powder as a dietary additive on growth performance, serum metabolites and intestinal health in early-weaned piglets. Livestock Sci., 108: 272-275.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Li, B.T., A.G. Van Kessel, W.R. Caine, S.X. Huang and R.N. Kirkwood, 2001. Small intestinal morphology and bacterial populations in ileal digesta and feces of newly weaned pigs receiving a high dietary level of zinc oxide. Can. J. Anim. Sci., 81: 511-516.
CrossRef  |  

Lien, T.F., Y.M. Horng and C.P. Wu, 2007. Feasibility of replacing antibiotic feed promoters with the Chinese traditional herbal medicine Bazhen in weaned piglets. Livest. Prod. Sci., 107: 97-102.

Lyberg, K., T. Lundh, C. Pedersen and J.E. Lindberg, 2006. Influence of soaking, fermentation and phytase supplementation on nutrient digestibility in pigs offered a grower diet based on wheat and barley. Anim. Sci., 82: 853-858.
CrossRef  |  

McCracken, B.A., M.E. Spurlock, M.A. Roos, F.A. Zuckermann and H.R. Gaskins, 1999. Weaning anorexia may contribute to local inflammation in the piglet small intestine. J. Nutr., 129: 613-619.
PubMed  |  

Mormede, P. and M. Hay, 2003. Behavioural Changes and Adaptions Associated with Weaning. In: Weaning the Pig-Concepts and Consequences, Pluske, J.R., J. le Dividich and M.W.A. Verstegen (Eds.). Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp: 53-57.

NRC, 1998. Nutrient Requirements of Swine. 10th Edn., National Research Council, Washington, DC., USA.

Nabuurs, M.J.A., 1995. Microbiological, structural and functional changes of the small intestine of pigs at weaning. Pig News Inf., 16: 93-97.

Owusu-Asiedu, A., C.M. Nyachoti and R.R. Marquardt, 2003. Response of early-weaned pigs to an enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (K88) challenge when fed diets containing spray-dried porcine plasma or pea protein isolate plus egg yolk antibody, zinc oxide, fumaric acid or antibiotic. J. Anim. Sci., 81: 1790-1798.
PubMed  |  

Perdigon, G., R. Fuller and R. Raya, 2001. Lactic acid bacteria and their effect on the immune system. Curr. Issues Intestinal. Microbiol., 2: 27-42.
Direct Link  |  

Pierce, K.M., T. Sweeney, P.O. Brophy, J.J. Callan, E. Fitzpatrick, P. McCarthy and J.V. O'Doherty, 2006. The effect of lactose and inulin on intestinal morphology, selected microbial populations and volatile fatty acid concentrations in the gastro-intestinal tract of the weanling pig. Anim. Sci., 82: 311-318.
CrossRef  |  

Pluske, J.R., 2001. Morphological and Functional Changes in the Small Intestine of the Newly-Weaned Pig. In: Gut Environment of Pigs, Piva, A., K.E.B. Knudsen and J.E. Lindberg (Eds.). Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, UK., pp: 1-27.

Pluske, J.R., I.H. Williams and F.X. Aherne, 1996. Maintenance of villous height and crypt depth in piglets by providing continuous nutrition after weaning. Anim. Sci., 62: 131-144.
CrossRef  |  

Smith, H.W. and J.E.T. Jones, 1963. Observations on the alimentary tract and its bacterial flora in healthy and diseased pigs. J. Pathol. Bacteriol., 86: 387-412.
CrossRef  |  

Veizaj-Delia, E., T. Piu, P. Lekaj and M. Tafaj, 2010. Using combined probiotic to improve growth performance of weaned piglets on extensive farm conditions. Livest. Sci., 134: 249-251.
CrossRef  |  

Verstegen, M.W.A. and B.A. Williams, 2002. Alternatives to the use of antibiotics as growth promoters for monogastric animals. Anim. Biotechnol., 13: 113-127.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Wu, G., Y.Z. Fang, S. Yang, J.R. Lupton and N.D. Turner, 2004. Glutathione metabolism and its implications for health. J. Nutr., 134: 489-492.
PubMed  |  

Xu, Z.R., C.H. Hu, M.S. Xia, X.A. Zhan and M.Q. Wang, 2003. Effects of dietary fructooligosaccharide on digestive enzyme activities, intestinal microflora and morphology of male broilers. Poult. Sci., 82: 1030-1036.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Yin, Y.L., Z.Y. Deng, H.L. Huang, T.J. Li and H.Y. Zhong, 2004. The effect of arabinoxylanase and protease supplementation on nutritional value of diets containing wheat bran or rice bran in growing pig. J. Anim. Feed Sci., 13: 445-461.

Yu, H.F., A.N. Wang, X.J. Li and S.Y. Qiao, 2008. Effect of viable Lactobacillus fermentumon the growth performance, nutrient digestibility and immunity of weaned pigs. J. Anim. Feed Sci., 17: 61-69.