Abstract: In this paper the authors present a multiphase offline approach for recognition of handwritten Arabic characters called Variance Method. The method is able to recognize a character irrespective of its size ( big or small) and thickness. New methods are proposed for the extraction of feature vectors, and for computing the recognition task.
Sasikumaran Sreedharan and Ranjit Biswas , 2004. A Multiphase Approach for Recognition of Handwritten Arabic Characters . Asian Journal of Information Technology, 3: 1180-1187.